YEARS

2001-2007

AUTHORS

Candice C Wong

TITLE

Chinese Community Smoking Cessation Project

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant ): Elements of effective in-hospital smoking cessation interventions include physician advice, bedside counseling, pharmacotherapy, post-discharge contacts and behavioral therapy with skill training. To date, little is known about successful smoking cessation strategies among ethnic minorities. Chinese Americans constitute the largest (23 percent) of the Asian American subgroup, numbering 1,645,472 in 1990. Their population growth is attributed mostly to immigration from China where there is an epidemic of smoking (74 percent prevalence). Thus, it is not surprisingly that reported smoking prevalence among Chinese immigrants in the US is as high as 55 percent. The proposed four-year prospective, randomized clinical trial with 12 months follow-up, will test the efficacy of a culturally and linguistically tailored physician directed, nurse managed, smoking cessation and relapse prevention intervention among hospitalized Chinese smokers. The study has two aims: 1) To test the efficacy of the intervention among smokers with cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease and diabetes mellitus related illnesses; and 2) To examine a set of measures (background, general health, psychosocial, and smoking process) that are associated with smoking cessation at 6 and 12 months. Patients who smoked in the 3 months prior to admission at 6 San Francisco Bay Area hospitals (1 university, 4 private and 1 county) will be screened, recruited and randomized to one of two interventions.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • The Chinese community smoking cessation project: a community sensitive intervention trial.
  • The Chinese Community Smoking Cessation Project: A Community Sensitive Intervention Trial
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    19 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      20 URIs      9 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:e54cc09c25e497530f672316de488ec1 sg:abstract DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant ): Elements of effective in-hospital smoking cessation interventions include physician advice, bedside counseling, pharmacotherapy, post-discharge contacts and behavioral therapy with skill training. To date, little is known about successful smoking cessation strategies among ethnic minorities. Chinese Americans constitute the largest (23 percent) of the Asian American subgroup, numbering 1,645,472 in 1990. Their population growth is attributed mostly to immigration from China where there is an epidemic of smoking (74 percent prevalence). Thus, it is not surprisingly that reported smoking prevalence among Chinese immigrants in the US is as high as 55 percent. The proposed four-year prospective, randomized clinical trial with 12 months follow-up, will test the efficacy of a culturally and linguistically tailored physician directed, nurse managed, smoking cessation and relapse prevention intervention among hospitalized Chinese smokers. The study has two aims: 1) To test the efficacy of the intervention among smokers with cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease and diabetes mellitus related illnesses; and 2) To examine a set of measures (background, general health, psychosocial, and smoking process) that are associated with smoking cessation at 6 and 12 months. Patients who smoked in the 3 months prior to admission at 6 San Francisco Bay Area hospitals (1 university, 4 private and 1 county) will be screened, recruited and randomized to one of two interventions.
    2 sg:endYear 2007
    3 sg:fundingAmount 1895319.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
    5 sg:hasContribution contributions:98b4bbd3f27ce71b4b924f64dd9fe27f
    6 sg:hasFieldOfResearchCode anzsrc-for:11
    7 anzsrc-for:1117
    8 sg:hasFundedPublication articles:431f26ed91f44fcae39b05e7a62b0b39
    9 articles:6e5b623c1961dc2e49d4773e1cfd296b
    10 sg:hasFundingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.279885.9
    11 sg:hasRecipientOrganization grid-institutes:grid.266102.1
    12 sg:language English
    13 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    14 sg:scigraphId e54cc09c25e497530f672316de488ec1
    15 sg:startYear 2001
    16 sg:title Chinese Community Smoking Cessation Project
    17 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=6783315
    18 rdf:type sg:Grant
    19 rdfs:label Grant: Chinese Community Smoking Cessation Project
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