YEARS

1984-1987

AUTHORS

Eugene Abravanel

TITLE

OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING AND MEMORY DURING THE SECOND YEAR

ABSTRACT

A distinctive characteristic of human informal, everyday, acquisition is that it relies heavily on learning by observation of the actions of others. We believe that the normal child embarks on a course of observational learning between 12-and 24-months that accounts for his/her speed of learning and overall breadth of knowledge. By contrast, learning disabled, premature, or otherwise impaired children may not proceed with observational learning at the normal rate or in the normal ways. At present, precise knowledge of the development of observational learning is lacking, which prevents the formulation of research-based theory to account for this fundamental mode of acquisition. The objective of the proposed research is the precise and systematic study of observational learning during its formative period between 12-and 24-months. Our method will be based on deferred imitation of actions with objects that are demonstrated to children. In Exp. 1 actions will be grouped into four classes representing different domains of practical intelligence. In Exp. 2 the actions to be studied for deferred imitation will be symbolic acts that involve more abstract awareness and representation. Exp. 3 will concentrate on analytical and parametric determination of long-term memory development during the second year of life. The age period to be studied is one of rapid changes in information processing, and we expect that results will provide a rich source of qualitative as well as quantitative information about the growth of observational learning. Scientific, as contrasted with speculative, advances in understanding the development of observational learning as a ubiquitous, species-typical mode of acquisition should prove highly important for evaluating and studying the learning process in children with developmental disabilities and learning difficulties. Knowledge of the start-up period of observational learning may even provide a route to better detection of and the prevention of developmental disabilities in which the learning functions are impaired. The principal disciplines involved in this endeavor are the psychological and pediatric sciences.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • Observing and imitating the formation of object classes during the second year of life.
  • Does immediate imitation influence long-term memory for observed actions?
  • Does object modeling elicit imitative-like gestures from young infants?
  • How to use: Click on a object to move its position. Double click to open its homepage. Right click to preview its contents.

    Download the RDF metadata as:   json-ld nt turtle xml License info


    18 TRIPLES      15 PREDICATES      19 URIs      7 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:dfed0f33c2c40dde1b30dc6edaa6aba7 sg:abstract A distinctive characteristic of human informal, everyday, acquisition is that it relies heavily on learning by observation of the actions of others. We believe that the normal child embarks on a course of observational learning between 12-and 24-months that accounts for his/her speed of learning and overall breadth of knowledge. By contrast, learning disabled, premature, or otherwise impaired children may not proceed with observational learning at the normal rate or in the normal ways. At present, precise knowledge of the development of observational learning is lacking, which prevents the formulation of research-based theory to account for this fundamental mode of acquisition. The objective of the proposed research is the precise and systematic study of observational learning during its formative period between 12-and 24-months. Our method will be based on deferred imitation of actions with objects that are demonstrated to children. In Exp. 1 actions will be grouped into four classes representing different domains of practical intelligence. In Exp. 2 the actions to be studied for deferred imitation will be symbolic acts that involve more abstract awareness and representation. Exp. 3 will concentrate on analytical and parametric determination of long-term memory development during the second year of life. The age period to be studied is one of rapid changes in information processing, and we expect that results will provide a rich source of qualitative as well as quantitative information about the growth of observational learning. Scientific, as contrasted with speculative, advances in understanding the development of observational learning as a ubiquitous, species-typical mode of acquisition should prove highly important for evaluating and studying the learning process in children with developmental disabilities and learning difficulties. Knowledge of the start-up period of observational learning may even provide a route to better detection of and the prevention of developmental disabilities in which the learning functions are impaired. The principal disciplines involved in this endeavor are the psychological and pediatric sciences.
    2 sg:endYear 1987
    3 sg:hasContribution contributions:e4283d3652f3dd92f11afd9e5b3f7aae
    4 sg:hasFieldOfResearchCode anzsrc-for:17
    5 anzsrc-for:1701
    6 sg:hasFundedPublication articles:0c25c94b52aade0bb08843fe383b8d30
    7 articles:792a5dfbc989788c8a9f32b8f73db16e
    8 articles:860abb799c25af6010d2b53b553b3dac
    9 sg:hasFundingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.420089.7
    10 sg:hasRecipientOrganization grid-institutes:grid.253615.6
    11 sg:language English
    12 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    13 sg:scigraphId dfed0f33c2c40dde1b30dc6edaa6aba7
    14 sg:startYear 1984
    15 sg:title OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING AND MEMORY DURING THE SECOND YEAR
    16 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=3314918
    17 rdf:type sg:Grant
    18 rdfs:label Grant: OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING AND MEMORY DURING THE SECOND YEAR
    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular JSON format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/dfed0f33c2c40dde1b30dc6edaa6aba7'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations .

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/dfed0f33c2c40dde1b30dc6edaa6aba7'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/dfed0f33c2c40dde1b30dc6edaa6aba7'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/dfed0f33c2c40dde1b30dc6edaa6aba7'






    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...