YEARS

2007-2008

AUTHORS

Tracey Louise Loughran

TITLE

Shell-shock in First World War Britain: the evolution of a diagnosis

ABSTRACT

<p>This project has two related aims. It is the first comprehensive survey of medical writings on shell-shock from 1914-1919. It challenges several accepted tenets of the historiography, including the role of class and gender in shaping diagnostic expectations, and the extent of a transition from physical to psychological explanations of war trauma. It is also the first investigation into the educational and professional backgrounds of the entire cohort of doctors who published on shell-shock during the war years. The majority of these men had little or no previous psychiatric experience, and theories of shell-shock must therefore be placed in the context of general medical culture rather than the specialist area of psychiatry. Syllabi studied in medical training, the nature of posts held, and possible links between shell-shock doctors attached to the same institution at different points in their career, are used to assess the effect of education and professional roles on the formation of views on shell-shock. This research contributes to the understanding of how shell-shock diagnosis evolved, and to knowledge of the workings of particular medical institutions and their associated intellectual networks in the early twentieth century.</p>

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • Shell shock, trauma, and the First World War: the making of a diagnosis and its histories.
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    18 TRIPLES      16 PREDICATES      19 URIs      10 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:d32f7a0a9d742c58fe77704c02f088a9 sg:abstract <p>This project has two related aims. It is the first comprehensive survey of medical writings on shell-shock from 1914-1919. It challenges several accepted tenets of the historiography, including the role of class and gender in shaping diagnostic expectations, and the extent of a transition from physical to psychological explanations of war trauma. It is also the first investigation into the educational and professional backgrounds of the entire cohort of doctors who published on shell-shock during the war years. The majority of these men had little or no previous psychiatric experience, and theories of shell-shock must therefore be placed in the context of general medical culture rather than the specialist area of psychiatry. Syllabi studied in medical training, the nature of posts held, and possible links between shell-shock doctors attached to the same institution at different points in their career, are used to assess the effect of education and professional roles on the formation of views on shell-shock. This research contributes to the understanding of how shell-shock diagnosis evolved, and to knowledge of the workings of particular medical institutions and their associated intellectual networks in the early twentieth century.</p>
    2 sg:endYear 2008
    3 sg:fundingAmount 64929.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency GBP
    5 sg:hasContribution contributions:279f9a0a783c964a1f2740646a1e3305
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    10 sg:language English
    11 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    12 Contains UK public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v2.0 (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/2/).
    13 sg:scigraphId d32f7a0a9d742c58fe77704c02f088a9
    14 sg:startYear 2007
    15 sg:title Shell-shock in First World War Britain: the evolution of a diagnosis
    16 sg:webpage http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk/project/CA3BE8CC-940F-4206-B26D-76C78D136964
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    18 rdfs:label Grant: Shell-shock in First World War Britain: the evolution of a diagnosis
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