YEARS

1998-2002

AUTHORS

Michael A Hollifield

TITLE

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TORTURE AND TRAUMA IN TWO REFUGEE GROUPS

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Abstract): This is a cross-sectional community epidemiological study of Kurdish and Vietnamese refugees in Dallas and Albuquerque to determine: 1) the prevalence of a history of torture and war-related trauma, 2) the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and symptoms, and level of impairment and treatment seeking, and 3) to test the hypotheses that there is an association between trauma type as the independent variable, shame, guilt and cultural variables as moderators, and psychiatric diagnoses, symptoms, impairment and treatment seeking as outcome measures. During the development period the research team will translate all and modify 3 existing instruments for measuring torture and related trauma, symptoms, and emotions of shame and guilt from the perspective of Kurdish and Vietnamese survivors. This research will focus on the 3 defined trauma type groups of "torture," "non torture war-related trauma," and "no war-related trauma," and the participants will be classified into trauma groups both by "objective" criteria and by themselves ("subjective"). The development work will include: 1) in-depth interviews of representatives from the three trauma type groups to define the full range of trauma events and symptoms and to understand culturally appropriate constructs of shame and guilt which will allow for, 2) modification of 4 existing instruments measuring trauma events, symptoms, and shame and guilt, and 3) forward and back translation of all instruments by bi-lingual research assistants. The epidemiological work will begin with random sampling from existing and updated rosters of the 2,500 adult Kurds and 5,000 adult Vietnamese in Dallas and Albuquerque. Power analyses suggest sample sizes of 600 and 1,200 respectively. Data will be collected over three contacts with the administration of standard instruments which have been translated and modified to be culturally appropriate. Test-retest reliability of trauma type classification will be tested with a smaller random sample. Descriptive statistics and inferential quantitative analyses which are linked to each hypothesis are described in the proposal.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • Measuring trauma and health status in refugees: a critical review.
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    18 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      19 URIs      9 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:7e7436c92b4bd336919f721653316fd8 sg:abstract DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Abstract): This is a cross-sectional community epidemiological study of Kurdish and Vietnamese refugees in Dallas and Albuquerque to determine: 1) the prevalence of a history of torture and war-related trauma, 2) the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and symptoms, and level of impairment and treatment seeking, and 3) to test the hypotheses that there is an association between trauma type as the independent variable, shame, guilt and cultural variables as moderators, and psychiatric diagnoses, symptoms, impairment and treatment seeking as outcome measures. During the development period the research team will translate all and modify 3 existing instruments for measuring torture and related trauma, symptoms, and emotions of shame and guilt from the perspective of Kurdish and Vietnamese survivors. This research will focus on the 3 defined trauma type groups of "torture," "non torture war-related trauma," and "no war-related trauma," and the participants will be classified into trauma groups both by "objective" criteria and by themselves ("subjective"). The development work will include: 1) in-depth interviews of representatives from the three trauma type groups to define the full range of trauma events and symptoms and to understand culturally appropriate constructs of shame and guilt which will allow for, 2) modification of 4 existing instruments measuring trauma events, symptoms, and shame and guilt, and 3) forward and back translation of all instruments by bi-lingual research assistants. The epidemiological work will begin with random sampling from existing and updated rosters of the 2,500 adult Kurds and 5,000 adult Vietnamese in Dallas and Albuquerque. Power analyses suggest sample sizes of 600 and 1,200 respectively. Data will be collected over three contacts with the administration of standard instruments which have been translated and modified to be culturally appropriate. Test-retest reliability of trauma type classification will be tested with a smaller random sample. Descriptive statistics and inferential quantitative analyses which are linked to each hypothesis are described in the proposal.
    2 sg:endYear 2002
    3 sg:fundingAmount 272606.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
    5 sg:hasContribution contributions:0cbd08a2f8c0413031ac8466927834e0
    6 sg:hasFieldOfResearchCode anzsrc-for:11
    7 anzsrc-for:1117
    8 sg:hasFundedPublication articles:57367b34da384b0edd33a731377c6b6c
    9 sg:hasFundingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.416868.5
    10 sg:hasRecipientOrganization grid-institutes:grid.266832.b
    11 sg:language English
    12 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    13 sg:scigraphId 7e7436c92b4bd336919f721653316fd8
    14 sg:startYear 1998
    15 sg:title EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TORTURE AND TRAUMA IN TWO REFUGEE GROUPS
    16 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=6186413
    17 rdf:type sg:Grant
    18 rdfs:label Grant: EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TORTURE AND TRAUMA IN TWO REFUGEE GROUPS
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