YEARS

2010-2013

AUTHORS

Martha Jane Bailey

TITLE

Documenting the War on Poverty's Community Programs

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): More than forty-five years after President Lyndon B. Johnson declared an "unconditional war on poverty," little systematic, econometric research has evaluated the health benefits of the War on Poverty's community programs. The main reason for the dearth of evidence on this topic is the lack of data on which communities received federal grants for War on Poverty programs, when they received them, what these grants were for, and how much funding was allocated. The proposed research aims to remedy this deficiency by pursuing four specific aims: (1) Collecting and cleaning information on the who received War on Poverty grants, where services under the grant were delivered, when the grant was awarded, what program the grant paid for, and the amount of the grant; (2) Examining the determinants of federal grants to different communities and programs under the War on Poverty; (3) Examining the coincidence and complementarity of War on Poverty grants for different programs, and (4) Distributing a new dataset on War on Poverty grants (collected in specific aim 1) for use by other researchers. The proposed research contributes to health policy and social science knowledge in several ways. First, it will provide a more detailed, local quantification of appropriations by program and grantee than ever assembled in an electronic database. Second, the new electronic dataset of War on Poverty grants by program, grantee, location and date will lay the groundwork for and encourage future analysis of the effects of these programs. Finally, understanding the determinants of grants for different purposes, communities and amounts not only provides insight into the internal workings of the War on Poverty administration, but this also sheds light on the validity of assumptions for alternative econometric estimators with which to evaluate these programs. Detailed information on the War on Poverty "treatments" (Aim 1) as well as the determinants of these treatments (Aims 2 and 3) together lay the foundation for quasi-experimental, econometric evaluations of the average, local effects of these programs on population health by this researcher and others (Aim 4). PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This project contributes to public health knowledge in two main ways. First, it will aid researchers in understanding the impact and effectiveness of federal grants for social programs by compiling, encoding and disseminating information on the federal grants to improve public health under the War on Poverty. Second, this project will help create better estimates of the shorter- and longer-term benefits of War on Poverty public health programs in the U.S. These estimates should assist policy- makers and philanthropists in making funding decisions about current programs in the U.S. and abroad.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans.
  • Reexamining the Impact of Family Planning Programs on US Fertility: Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X().
  • How Johnson Fought the War on Poverty: The Economics and Politics of Funding at the Office of Economic Opportunity.
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    23 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      24 URIs      9 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:6f83ca4695825a34dfa933a14a1f4e7a sg:abstract DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): More than forty-five years after President Lyndon B. Johnson declared an "unconditional war on poverty," little systematic, econometric research has evaluated the health benefits of the War on Poverty's community programs. The main reason for the dearth of evidence on this topic is the lack of data on which communities received federal grants for War on Poverty programs, when they received them, what these grants were for, and how much funding was allocated. The proposed research aims to remedy this deficiency by pursuing four specific aims: (1) Collecting and cleaning information on the who received War on Poverty grants, where services under the grant were delivered, when the grant was awarded, what program the grant paid for, and the amount of the grant; (2) Examining the determinants of federal grants to different communities and programs under the War on Poverty; (3) Examining the coincidence and complementarity of War on Poverty grants for different programs, and (4) Distributing a new dataset on War on Poverty grants (collected in specific aim 1) for use by other researchers. The proposed research contributes to health policy and social science knowledge in several ways. First, it will provide a more detailed, local quantification of appropriations by program and grantee than ever assembled in an electronic database. Second, the new electronic dataset of War on Poverty grants by program, grantee, location and date will lay the groundwork for and encourage future analysis of the effects of these programs. Finally, understanding the determinants of grants for different purposes, communities and amounts not only provides insight into the internal workings of the War on Poverty administration, but this also sheds light on the validity of assumptions for alternative econometric estimators with which to evaluate these programs. Detailed information on the War on Poverty "treatments" (Aim 1) as well as the determinants of these treatments (Aims 2 and 3) together lay the foundation for quasi-experimental, econometric evaluations of the average, local effects of these programs on population health by this researcher and others (Aim 4). PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This project contributes to public health knowledge in two main ways. First, it will aid researchers in understanding the impact and effectiveness of federal grants for social programs by compiling, encoding and disseminating information on the federal grants to improve public health under the War on Poverty. Second, this project will help create better estimates of the shorter- and longer-term benefits of War on Poverty public health programs in the U.S. These estimates should assist policy- makers and philanthropists in making funding decisions about current programs in the U.S. and abroad.
    2 sg:endYear 2013
    3 sg:fundingAmount 151932.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
    5 sg:hasContribution contributions:7ff3ae4085dca4503b7cc098e362adfd
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    11 sg:hasFundedPublication articles:d51c26d7920297cea41e2773e53fbcb4
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    13 articles:fec1c0acff413267bdf7387c4137a2f4
    14 sg:hasFundingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.420089.7
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    16 sg:language English
    17 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    18 sg:scigraphId 6f83ca4695825a34dfa933a14a1f4e7a
    19 sg:startYear 2010
    20 sg:title Documenting the War on Poverty's Community Programs
    21 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=8126203
    22 rdf:type sg:Grant
    23 rdfs:label Grant: Documenting the War on Poverty's Community Programs
    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular JSON format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/6f83ca4695825a34dfa933a14a1f4e7a'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations .

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/6f83ca4695825a34dfa933a14a1f4e7a'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/6f83ca4695825a34dfa933a14a1f4e7a'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/grants/6f83ca4695825a34dfa933a14a1f4e7a'






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