YEARS

2002-2006

AUTHORS

Rhonda J Jones-Webb

TITLE

Alcohol Outlet Density, Alcohol Beverages &Homicide

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This study will compare the effects of alcohol outlet density and the availability and marketing of HACM (High Alcohol Content Malt) beverages on homicide rates in predominately African American, Hispanic, and Asian American inner-city neighborhoods in 10 cities in the U.S. from 2003 to 2005. The specific aims of this study are to investigate whether: (a) homicide and alcohol outlet density rates are higher in predominately African American neighborhoods than in predominately Hispanic and Asian American inner-city neighborhoods; (b) HACM beverages are more readily available in predominately African American neighborhoods, compared to predominately Hispanic and Asian American neighborhoods; (c) there are more billboards and store advertisements promoting HACM beverages in predominately African American neighborhoods, compared to predominately Hispanic and Asian American neighborhoods; (d) higher homicide rates in predominately African American neighborhoods are related to higher alcohol outlet density rates and to the greater availability and marketing of HACM beverages in predominately African American neighborhoods, compared to predominately Hispanic and Asian American inner-city neighborhoods; and, (e) develop a comprehensive causal model examining the interrelationships between neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, alcohol outlet density, availability and marketing of HACM beverages and homicide rates. These aims will be achieved using an ecologic trend study design and multiple data collection methods and sources, including analyses of archival data from police reports and observations of alcohol outlets and billboards and stores that advertise HACM beverages. Results from this study will further (a) understanding of how characteristics of the alcohol environment affect disparities in alcohol-related mortality among minority groups; (b) development of conceptual models to guide interdisciplinary approaches to the study of alcohol-related mortality in minority populations; (c) development of new hypotheses regarding the relationships between neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, alcohol outlet density, availability and marketing of HACM beverages and homicide rates; and (d) selection of alcohol policies to reduce future alcohol-related mortality in minority populations.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • Malt liquor marketing in inner cities: the role of neighborhood racial composition.
  • Neighborhood Racial/Ethnic Concentration, Social Disadvantage, and Homicide Risk: An Ecological Analysis of 10 U.S. Cities
  • Neighborhood racial/ethnic concentration, social disadvantage, and homicide risk: an ecological analysis of 10 U.S. cities.
  • Alcohol and malt liquor availability and promotion and homicide in inner cities.
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    21 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      22 URIs      9 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:6c45f07b9d7b789621d684a483885923 sg:abstract DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This study will compare the effects of alcohol outlet density and the availability and marketing of HACM (High Alcohol Content Malt) beverages on homicide rates in predominately African American, Hispanic, and Asian American inner-city neighborhoods in 10 cities in the U.S. from 2003 to 2005. The specific aims of this study are to investigate whether: (a) homicide and alcohol outlet density rates are higher in predominately African American neighborhoods than in predominately Hispanic and Asian American inner-city neighborhoods; (b) HACM beverages are more readily available in predominately African American neighborhoods, compared to predominately Hispanic and Asian American neighborhoods; (c) there are more billboards and store advertisements promoting HACM beverages in predominately African American neighborhoods, compared to predominately Hispanic and Asian American neighborhoods; (d) higher homicide rates in predominately African American neighborhoods are related to higher alcohol outlet density rates and to the greater availability and marketing of HACM beverages in predominately African American neighborhoods, compared to predominately Hispanic and Asian American inner-city neighborhoods; and, (e) develop a comprehensive causal model examining the interrelationships between neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, alcohol outlet density, availability and marketing of HACM beverages and homicide rates. These aims will be achieved using an ecologic trend study design and multiple data collection methods and sources, including analyses of archival data from police reports and observations of alcohol outlets and billboards and stores that advertise HACM beverages. Results from this study will further (a) understanding of how characteristics of the alcohol environment affect disparities in alcohol-related mortality among minority groups; (b) development of conceptual models to guide interdisciplinary approaches to the study of alcohol-related mortality in minority populations; (c) development of new hypotheses regarding the relationships between neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, alcohol outlet density, availability and marketing of HACM beverages and homicide rates; and (d) selection of alcohol policies to reduce future alcohol-related mortality in minority populations.
    2 sg:endYear 2006
    3 sg:fundingAmount 1004132.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
    5 sg:hasContribution contributions:1f2fb68b34652599da15f9256c34fa91
    6 sg:hasFieldOfResearchCode anzsrc-for:11
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    8 sg:hasFundedPublication articles:9eb5182a081b563ff4e1377f6083b8c8
    9 articles:b41411cd7b3b259e380bde38e09254ce
    10 articles:b64079da5ffdac838b1f33914b6ed10f
    11 articles:e779763f8866b988b7462c30662e7322
    12 sg:hasFundingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.420085.b
    13 sg:hasRecipientOrganization grid-institutes:grid.17635.36
    14 sg:language English
    15 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    16 sg:scigraphId 6c45f07b9d7b789621d684a483885923
    17 sg:startYear 2002
    18 sg:title Alcohol Outlet Density, Alcohol Beverages &Homicide
    19 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=6798607
    20 rdf:type sg:Grant
    21 rdfs:label Grant: Alcohol Outlet Density, Alcohol Beverages &Homicide
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