YEARS

2005-2012

AUTHORS

Josefina Jayme Card

TITLE

Computer-Based HIV Prevention Interventions for African-American Women

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Women of color, particularly African American women, are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. African American women account for 66% of estimated AIDS cases among women, aged 13 and older, diagnosed in 2005, but only 12% of the U.S. population of women. Several behavioral prevention interventions tailored for African American women have shown efficacy in reducing sexual risk behaviors. Their successful replication has been hampered by cost, implementation difficulties, and participant retention issues. The proposed project seeks to address these barriers to reducing HIV/AIDS rates in African American females by developing and empirically validating computer enhanced, individualized versions of efficacious group-administered HIV prevention programs for African-American females. Specific objectives include: (1) to increase service agencies'ability to implement efficacious HIV interventions with fidelity;(2) to increase African American females'participation in efficacious HIV interventions;and, (3) ultimately, to reduce sexual risk behaviors and HIV infection rates among African-American females. In Phase I we developed a computer enhanced, individualized, multimedia version of SiSTA, a group-administered HIV prevention program for African- American women that has demonstrated efficacy in reducing sexual risk behavior. We called this computer version SAHARA, for Sistas Accessing HIV/AIDS Resources At-a-click. In Phase I we also successfully validated the effectiveness of SAHARA through a randomized controlled trial. In the proposed Phase II continuation, we will repeat these successful development and validation methods with two additional efficacious group programs for African American females: SiHLE (for adolescents age 14-18) and WiLLOW (for women living with HIV age 18 and older). Once again, Digitized SiHLE and Digitized WiLLOW will be developed and evaluated in collaboration with their developers, Drs. Gina Wingood and Ralph DiClemente. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE The proposed research will make efficacious HIV prevention programs for African American adolescents and women available to health service organizations at low cost, and will facilitate their cost-effective, faithful implementation. It will also promote community members'participation in the interventions by permitting sensitive topics to be addressed privately (i.e., one-on-one with the computer) and according to a flexible schedule. Ultimately, it will help to reduce sexual risk-taking behavior and HIV infection rates among African American women, who are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • WiLLOW: Reaching HIV-Positive African-American Women Through a Computer-Delivered Intervention
  • Translating an effective group-based HIV prevention program to a program delivered primarily by a computer: methods and outcomes.
  • WiLLOW: reaching HIV-positive African-American women through a computer-delivered intervention.
  • Preliminary efficacy of a computer-delivered HIV prevention intervention for African American teenage females.
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    21 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      22 URIs      9 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:603f746decb209b7b89318f900372589 sg:abstract DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Women of color, particularly African American women, are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. African American women account for 66% of estimated AIDS cases among women, aged 13 and older, diagnosed in 2005, but only 12% of the U.S. population of women. Several behavioral prevention interventions tailored for African American women have shown efficacy in reducing sexual risk behaviors. Their successful replication has been hampered by cost, implementation difficulties, and participant retention issues. The proposed project seeks to address these barriers to reducing HIV/AIDS rates in African American females by developing and empirically validating computer enhanced, individualized versions of efficacious group-administered HIV prevention programs for African-American females. Specific objectives include: (1) to increase service agencies'ability to implement efficacious HIV interventions with fidelity;(2) to increase African American females'participation in efficacious HIV interventions;and, (3) ultimately, to reduce sexual risk behaviors and HIV infection rates among African-American females. In Phase I we developed a computer enhanced, individualized, multimedia version of SiSTA, a group-administered HIV prevention program for African- American women that has demonstrated efficacy in reducing sexual risk behavior. We called this computer version SAHARA, for Sistas Accessing HIV/AIDS Resources At-a-click. In Phase I we also successfully validated the effectiveness of SAHARA through a randomized controlled trial. In the proposed Phase II continuation, we will repeat these successful development and validation methods with two additional efficacious group programs for African American females: SiHLE (for adolescents age 14-18) and WiLLOW (for women living with HIV age 18 and older). Once again, Digitized SiHLE and Digitized WiLLOW will be developed and evaluated in collaboration with their developers, Drs. Gina Wingood and Ralph DiClemente. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE The proposed research will make efficacious HIV prevention programs for African American adolescents and women available to health service organizations at low cost, and will facilitate their cost-effective, faithful implementation. It will also promote community members'participation in the interventions by permitting sensitive topics to be addressed privately (i.e., one-on-one with the computer) and according to a flexible schedule. Ultimately, it will help to reduce sexual risk-taking behavior and HIV infection rates among African American women, who are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
    2 sg:endYear 2012
    3 sg:fundingAmount 854911.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
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    10 articles:87e0555f11ac4002b6d6578380324ab4
    11 articles:dda58ec22d71a9aaf106d8b81be93ff1
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    14 sg:language English
    15 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    16 sg:scigraphId 603f746decb209b7b89318f900372589
    17 sg:startYear 2005
    18 sg:title Computer-Based HIV Prevention Interventions for African-American Women
    19 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=7879512
    20 rdf:type sg:Grant
    21 rdfs:label Grant: Computer-Based HIV Prevention Interventions for African-American Women
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