YEARS

2002-2007

AUTHORS

Marianne C Fahs

TITLE

Effect of Smoking Cessation Interventions in a Chinese *

ABSTRACT

Description (provided by applicant): Tobacco use is the most important cause of preventable death in this country for all racial/ethnic groups. Over $70 billion in direct medical costs is a t tributable to tobacco-related disease. Chinese Americans may be at particularly high risk for excess tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that 73% of men in China smoke. Yet, smoking behaviors, attitudes and beliefs among Chinese Americans remain largely undocumented. The New York City Department of Health Tobacco Control Program (NYCTCP) together with their community partners is developing and implementing an innovative community-based intervention, tailored to Chinese Americans. The principle aim of thisresearch is to test the hypothesis that culturally and linguistically appropriate media campaign, plus increased access to on-site community-based cessation services, will be more effective, and more cost-effective, in positively influencing tobacco-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among a minority population, than will be culturally appropriate media approaches alone. We will assess age-specific prevalence rates, and tobacco-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors, among two Chinese American communities in New York City. The research design is a quasi-experimental pre- post-test design with nonequivalent intact comparison groups from two geographically d i s t inct Chinese communities. The sample design will consist of a cross-sectional component to estimate smoking prevalence and a longitudinal study of baseline respondents. Individual-level data will be obtained from face-to-face interviews with representative individuals using standardized survey instruments. In addition, process evaluation methods will be used to assess the intervention implementation. Study results will provide important information on how to allocate limited resources for community tobacco control interventions, designed to influence an Asian American population, in the most cost-effective manner.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • Tobacco use behaviors and household smoking bans among Chinese Americans.
  • The relative effect of household and workplace smoking restriction on health status among Chinese Americans living in New York City.
  • The Relative Effect of Household and Workplace Smoking Restriction on Health Status Among Chinese Americans Living in New York City
  • Correlates of household smoking bans among Chinese Americans.
  • Community-based participatory research on smoking cessation among Chinese Americans in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
  • Effectiveness of tobacco control among Chinese Americans: a comparative analysis of policy approaches versus community-based programs.
  • Health behaviors of older Chinese adults living in New York City.
  • Health Behaviors of Older Chinese Adults Living in New York City
  • Acculturation and tobacco use among Chinese Americans.
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    26 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      27 URIs      9 LITERALS

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    1 grants:601d756c903c6b55d6730c4d25b10073 sg:abstract Description (provided by applicant): Tobacco use is the most important cause of preventable death in this country for all racial/ethnic groups. Over $70 billion in direct medical costs is a t tributable to tobacco-related disease. Chinese Americans may be at particularly high risk for excess tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that 73% of men in China smoke. Yet, smoking behaviors, attitudes and beliefs among Chinese Americans remain largely undocumented. The New York City Department of Health Tobacco Control Program (NYCTCP) together with their community partners is developing and implementing an innovative community-based intervention, tailored to Chinese Americans. The principle aim of thisresearch is to test the hypothesis that culturally and linguistically appropriate media campaign, plus increased access to on-site community-based cessation services, will be more effective, and more cost-effective, in positively influencing tobacco-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among a minority population, than will be culturally appropriate media approaches alone. We will assess age-specific prevalence rates, and tobacco-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors, among two Chinese American communities in New York City. The research design is a quasi-experimental pre- post-test design with nonequivalent intact comparison groups from two geographically d i s t inct Chinese communities. The sample design will consist of a cross-sectional component to estimate smoking prevalence and a longitudinal study of baseline respondents. Individual-level data will be obtained from face-to-face interviews with representative individuals using standardized survey instruments. In addition, process evaluation methods will be used to assess the intervention implementation. Study results will provide important information on how to allocate limited resources for community tobacco control interventions, designed to influence an Asian American population, in the most cost-effective manner.
    2 sg:endYear 2007
    3 sg:fundingAmount 4838568.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
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    17 sg:hasFundingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.48336.3a
    18 sg:hasRecipientOrganization grid-institutes:grid.257167.0
    19 sg:language English
    20 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    21 sg:scigraphId 601d756c903c6b55d6730c4d25b10073
    22 sg:startYear 2002
    23 sg:title Effect of Smoking Cessation Interventions in a Chinese *
    24 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=7092243
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    26 rdfs:label Grant: Effect of Smoking Cessation Interventions in a Chinese *
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