YEARS

2004-2009

AUTHORS

L. Creed Pettigrew

TITLE

Focal Brain Ischemia in the TNF-alpha-Transgenic Rat

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is a pleotrophic cytokine secreted by astroglia, macrophages, and other cells participating in the inflammatory reaction initiated by cerebral infarction. Levels of TNFalpha rise sequentially in the infarct core, the ischemic penumbra, and in unaffected tissue in human brain damaged by stroke and may persist up to 40 days afterward. The Overall Goal of this R01 proposal is to establish the TNFalpha-transgenic rat as a new model for investigation of TNF receptor (TNFR)-mediated signal transduction and cell death pathways activated during brain infarction in man. This animal was constructed to overexpress the murine TNFalpha gene with its own promoter and has never been used to investigate the pathophysiology of any brain disorder. Cerebral tissue obtained from the transgenic rat shows elevated levels of TNFalpha mRNA and protein. When subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion, transgenic animals have larger mean percent infarct volume than wild type controls. We will employ this unique animal to test our principal Hypothesis: Upregulated synthesis of TNFalpha in ischemic brain augments neuronal apoptosis by receptor-mediated activation of signal transduction cascades. We propose to accomplish the following Specific Aims: 1) to characterize the neurochemical and cerebrovascular anatomy, physiology, and cognitive function of the TNFalpha-transgenic rat under normal conditions and in response to ischemic brain injury, 2) to identify the cellular origin of TNFalpha and define the immune response to cerebral ischemic injury in the TNFalpha-transgenic rat, 3) to use the transgenic animal to simulate how elevated TNFalpha levels affect TNFR number or distribution and modulate signal transduction cascades in ischemic human brain, 4) to use the transgenic animal to simulate how elevated TNFalpha levels influence apoptotic neuronal degeneration in ischemic human brain, and 5) to assess the research utility of the TNFalpha-transgenic rat as a model for therapeutic intervention by determining if pre- or post-ischemic inhibition of TNFalpha synthesis attenuates ischemic injury.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • Focal cerebral ischemia in the TNFalpha-transgenic rat.
  • Focal cerebral ischemia in the TNFalpha-transgenic rat
  • The mitochondrial uncoupler 2,4-dinitrophenol attenuates tissue damage and improves mitochondrial homeostasis following transient focal cerebral ischemia.
  • Protective effects of NIM811 in transient focal cerebral ischemia suggest involvement of the mitochondrial permeability transition.
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    21 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      22 URIs      9 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:4de4190119b49a33a8f6c106907da611 sg:abstract DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is a pleotrophic cytokine secreted by astroglia, macrophages, and other cells participating in the inflammatory reaction initiated by cerebral infarction. Levels of TNFalpha rise sequentially in the infarct core, the ischemic penumbra, and in unaffected tissue in human brain damaged by stroke and may persist up to 40 days afterward. The Overall Goal of this R01 proposal is to establish the TNFalpha-transgenic rat as a new model for investigation of TNF receptor (TNFR)-mediated signal transduction and cell death pathways activated during brain infarction in man. This animal was constructed to overexpress the murine TNFalpha gene with its own promoter and has never been used to investigate the pathophysiology of any brain disorder. Cerebral tissue obtained from the transgenic rat shows elevated levels of TNFalpha mRNA and protein. When subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion, transgenic animals have larger mean percent infarct volume than wild type controls. We will employ this unique animal to test our principal Hypothesis: Upregulated synthesis of TNFalpha in ischemic brain augments neuronal apoptosis by receptor-mediated activation of signal transduction cascades. We propose to accomplish the following Specific Aims: 1) to characterize the neurochemical and cerebrovascular anatomy, physiology, and cognitive function of the TNFalpha-transgenic rat under normal conditions and in response to ischemic brain injury, 2) to identify the cellular origin of TNFalpha and define the immune response to cerebral ischemic injury in the TNFalpha-transgenic rat, 3) to use the transgenic animal to simulate how elevated TNFalpha levels affect TNFR number or distribution and modulate signal transduction cascades in ischemic human brain, 4) to use the transgenic animal to simulate how elevated TNFalpha levels influence apoptotic neuronal degeneration in ischemic human brain, and 5) to assess the research utility of the TNFalpha-transgenic rat as a model for therapeutic intervention by determining if pre- or post-ischemic inhibition of TNFalpha synthesis attenuates ischemic injury.
    2 sg:endYear 2009
    3 sg:fundingAmount 1050989.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
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    10 articles:7b131ff5b4a73f0b42b27f8c250d40a7
    11 articles:e053f488d22d49533c1ecf9df87087c0
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    14 sg:language English
    15 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    16 sg:scigraphId 4de4190119b49a33a8f6c106907da611
    17 sg:startYear 2004
    18 sg:title Focal Brain Ischemia in the TNF-alpha-Transgenic Rat
    19 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=7214056
    20 rdf:type sg:Grant
    21 rdfs:label Grant: Focal Brain Ischemia in the TNF-alpha-Transgenic Rat
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