YEARS

2005-2007

AUTHORS

Gayle L Dede

TITLE

Sentence Comprehension in Aphasia

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of the proposed studies is to investigate lexical-pragmatic influences on sentence processing in aphasic patients, with the eventual goal of developing a coherent model of sentence comprehension in aphasia that will provide a framework for the assessment and treatment of patients with disordered sentence comprehension. The specific aims are: (1) To advance knowledge of how lexical-pragmatic information (e.g., verb subcategorization and plausibility) constrain sentence processing; and (2) To characterize changes in the function of such information associated with aphasia. These aims will be addressed through studies of syntactic processing in which participants' on-line and off-line comprehension of garden path sentences will be examined under several conditions. This study will address the following hypotheses: (1) Relative to controls, aphasic patients will demonstrate reduced sensitivity to lexicalpragmatic information in measures of on-line sentence comprehension; and (2) Aphasic patients will benefit from lexical-pragmatic information in off-line measures of comprehension.

FUNDED PUBLICATIONS

  • Utilization of prosodic information in syntactic ambiguity resolution.
  • Utilization of Prosodic Information in Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution
  • Lexical and prosodic effects on syntactic ambiguity resolution in aphasia.
  • Lexical and Prosodic Effects on Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution in Aphasia
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    21 TRIPLES      17 PREDICATES      22 URIs      9 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 grants:16a32b3355371cdcff4638f667dbb9b7 sg:abstract DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of the proposed studies is to investigate lexical-pragmatic influences on sentence processing in aphasic patients, with the eventual goal of developing a coherent model of sentence comprehension in aphasia that will provide a framework for the assessment and treatment of patients with disordered sentence comprehension. The specific aims are: (1) To advance knowledge of how lexical-pragmatic information (e.g., verb subcategorization and plausibility) constrain sentence processing; and (2) To characterize changes in the function of such information associated with aphasia. These aims will be addressed through studies of syntactic processing in which participants' on-line and off-line comprehension of garden path sentences will be examined under several conditions. This study will address the following hypotheses: (1) Relative to controls, aphasic patients will demonstrate reduced sensitivity to lexicalpragmatic information in measures of on-line sentence comprehension; and (2) Aphasic patients will benefit from lexical-pragmatic information in off-line measures of comprehension.
    2 sg:endYear 2007
    3 sg:fundingAmount 80190.0
    4 sg:fundingCurrency USD
    5 sg:hasContribution contributions:7291e9194aacac2fea036010ced263d0
    6 sg:hasFieldOfResearchCode anzsrc-for:17
    7 anzsrc-for:1701
    8 sg:hasFundedPublication articles:01ecd8a97dea39a2d3699fbad93c1eb4
    9 articles:44b20a9f45e075ae21690e244481fafc
    10 articles:6ac997d4a778cecdb1079efcb8895a82
    11 articles:72e00fd82aa827209c9a9eb1f5c19596
    12 sg:hasFundingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.214431.1
    13 sg:hasRecipientOrganization grid-institutes:grid.189504.1
    14 sg:language English
    15 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    16 sg:scigraphId 16a32b3355371cdcff4638f667dbb9b7
    17 sg:startYear 2005
    18 sg:title Sentence Comprehension in Aphasia
    19 sg:webpage http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=7162950
    20 rdf:type sg:Grant
    21 rdfs:label Grant: Sentence Comprehension in Aphasia
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