COPYRIGHT YEAR

1988

AUTHORS

M. L. Dockrill

TITLE

From the First World War to the Cold War, 1919–1946

ABSTRACT

Antagonism had been inherent in the American-Soviet relationship since the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The two great continental states represented totally opposed ideologies: the United States the values of liberal, capitalist democracy, while the Soviet Union was the first ‘socialist republic’, a communist dictatorship dedicated to spreading ‘world revolution’ by overthrowing the existing world order. These ideological differences were starkly revealed as the First World War ended in November 1918 and a peace conference, at which Russia was not represented, convened in Paris in January 1919. United States war aims, as expressed in Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points speech of the previous year, envisaged a world based on the principle of national self-determination and a League of Nations which would replace the unstable pre-1914 system of alliances and balance of power politics. The Soviets, on the other hand, led by V.I. Lenin, insisted that the worldwide victory of the proletariat was the only basis for a peaceful world. Western assistance to anti-communist forces in Russia attempting to overthrow the Bolshevik regime in the early post-war years heightened the suspicions of the Soviet leadership about the implacable hostility of the capitalist states towards them, and about their determination to crush the new Soviet republic.

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  • The Cold War 1945?1963
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    24 TRIPLES      24 PREDICATES      21 URIs      14 LITERALS

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    1 book-chapters:e1c493cd8dfb1eca1f3458c9fb15abd1 sg:abstract Abstract Antagonism had been inherent in the American-Soviet relationship since the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The two great continental states represented totally opposed ideologies: the United States the values of liberal, capitalist democracy, while the Soviet Union was the first ‘socialist republic’, a communist dictatorship dedicated to spreading ‘world revolution’ by overthrowing the existing world order. These ideological differences were starkly revealed as the First World War ended in November 1918 and a peace conference, at which Russia was not represented, convened in Paris in January 1919. United States war aims, as expressed in Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points speech of the previous year, envisaged a world based on the principle of national self-determination and a League of Nations which would replace the unstable pre-1914 system of alliances and balance of power politics. The Soviets, on the other hand, led by V.I. Lenin, insisted that the worldwide victory of the proletariat was the only basis for a peaceful world. Western assistance to anti-communist forces in Russia attempting to overthrow the Bolshevik regime in the early post-war years heightened the suspicions of the Soviet leadership about the implacable hostility of the capitalist states towards them, and about their determination to crush the new Soviet republic.
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    20 sg:scigraphId e1c493cd8dfb1eca1f3458c9fb15abd1
    21 sg:title From the First World War to the Cold War, 1919–1946
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