COPYRIGHT YEAR

2007

AUTHORS

Bruno Gronenborn

TITLE

The Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Genome and Function of its Proteins

ABSTRACT

In the following, an overview on the genome organisation of tomato (yellow) leaf curl viruses will be presented. Also, a brief description of the biological functions of the viral proteins will be given. The nomenclature including acronyms for some TYLCV species was changed since their first description, in the following the ICTV-approved designations given in Stanley et al. (2005) are used. Most data referred to are derived from studies with Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) [GenBank acc. no. X15656] (Navot et al., 1991), Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (TYLCSV) [X61153] (Kheyr-Pour et al., 1991), Tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) [S53251] (Dry et al., 1993), and Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) [U15015, U15017] (Padidam et al., 1995), a bipartite TYLCV species. Tomato (yellow) leaf curl viruses belong to the genus Begomovirus within the family Geminiviridae. Most begomovirus species have a bipartite genome of two circular single-stranded (ss)DNA molecules, DNA-A (2.6–2.8 kbases) and DNA-B (2.5–2.8 kbases). Begomoviruses are transmitted by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci in a circulative and persistent manner. TYLCV and TYLCSV were the first begomoviruses proven to possess a single genomic DNA. Consequently, essential viral functions, otherwise encoded by DNA-B, have to be provided by proteins encoded by the single DNA of TYLCV, TYLCSV, ToLCV, and all other true monopartite tomato (yellow) leaf curl viruses.

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1 book-chapters:699967331185eafd3fd3a553f07ff47c sg:abstract In the following, an overview on the genome organisation of tomato (yellow) leaf curl viruses will be presented. Also, a brief description of the biological functions of the viral proteins will be given. The nomenclature including acronyms for some TYLCV species was changed since their first description, in the following the ICTV-approved designations given in Stanley et al. (2005) are used. Most data referred to are derived from studies with Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) [GenBank acc. no. X15656] (Navot et al., 1991), Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (TYLCSV) [X61153] (Kheyr-Pour et al., 1991), Tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) [S53251] (Dry et al., 1993), and Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) [U15015, U15017] (Padidam et al., 1995), a bipartite TYLCV species. Tomato (yellow) leaf curl viruses belong to the genus Begomovirus within the family Geminiviridae. Most begomovirus species have a bipartite genome of two circular single-stranded (ss)DNA molecules, DNA-A (2.6–2.8 kbases) and DNA-B (2.5–2.8 kbases). Begomoviruses are transmitted by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci in a circulative and persistent manner. TYLCV and TYLCSV were the first begomoviruses proven to possess a single genomic DNA. Consequently, essential viral functions, otherwise encoded by DNA-B, have to be provided by proteins encoded by the single DNA of TYLCV, TYLCSV, ToLCV, and all other true monopartite tomato (yellow) leaf curl viruses.
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8 sg:copyrightYear 2007
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18 sg:metadataRights OpenAccess
19 sg:pageFirst 67
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21 sg:scigraphId 699967331185eafd3fd3a553f07ff47c
22 sg:title The Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Genome and Function of its Proteins
23 sg:webpage https://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4020-4769-5_5
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25 rdfs:label BookChapter: The Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Genome and Function of its Proteins
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