COPYRIGHT YEAR

2012

AUTHORS

Hongming Ma

TITLE

When the Chinese Meet the West

ABSTRACT

When discussing the images of science in traditional Chinese culture in the previous chapter, there seems to be one important part missing - some concrete examples of traditional scientific achievement. This seemingly simple task actually places me in a dilemma. ‘Whether or not there was science in ancient China’ has been a quandary that has bothered modern scholars. In fact, ‘what counts as science’ became an issue only after the Chinese had met the West. There was no generic term for science in ancient China, though there were activities and knowledge in Chinese history that would be called ‘scientific activities and knowledge’ today. For example, astronomy and calendrical science were highly developed in ancient China and the ancient Chinese people made systematic records of celestial observations which included eclipses, sun-spots, comets, novas, super novas, meteor showers, and aurora. The much-mentioned ‘Four Inventions’ (gunpowder, compass, paper making and printing) are believed to be the most important contributions that Chinese people made to the world. There were also achievements in the field of agriculture, ceramics, textile, and architecture.

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6 sg:chapterNumber 3
7 sg:copyrightHolder Sense Publishers
8 sg:copyrightYear 2012
9 sg:ddsId Chap3_3
10 sg:doi 10.1007/978-94-6091-942-8_3
11 sg:esmRights OpenAccess
12 sg:hasContributingOrganization grid-institutes:grid.1002.3
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14 sg:language En
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16 sg:metadataRights OpenAccess
17 sg:pageFirst 23
18 sg:pageLast 36
19 sg:scigraphId 46aaff80aaea7ef8375744b739340e82
20 sg:subtitle The Assimilated and the Marginalised
21 sg:title When the Chinese Meet the West
22 sg:webpage https://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-6091-942-8_3
23 rdf:type sg:BookChapter
24 rdfs:label BookChapter: When the Chinese Meet the West
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