COPYRIGHT YEAR

2016

AUTHORS

Andrew Tarulli

TITLE

Aphasia

ABSTRACT

Aphasia is an acquired disorder of language resulting from brain damage. The classical aphasia syndromes are usually associated with stroke syndromes of the left (language-dominant) hemisphere. Classification of aphasia is accomplished by assessing fluency, comprehension ability, and repetition ability. In general, nonfluent aphasias are associated with anterior lesions and fluent aphasias with posterior lesions. Repetition is impaired with perisylvian lesions. The most common acute-onset aphasia syndromes are Broca aphasia, Wernicke aphasia, global aphasia, transcortical motor aphasia, and conduction aphasia. Mimics of aphasia include dysarthria, the acute confusional state, and aphemia. Both formal and informal methods of rehabilitation are important to maximize language outcome in aphasic patients.

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    25 TRIPLES      25 PREDICATES      22 URIs      14 LITERALS

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    1 book-chapters:3b1d94d50c7723bc04f43808d6bc7870 sg:abstract Abstract Aphasia is an acquired disorder of language resulting from brain damage. The classical aphasia syndromes are usually associated with stroke syndromes of the left (language-dominant) hemisphere. Classification of aphasia is accomplished by assessing fluency, comprehension ability, and repetition ability. In general, nonfluent aphasias are associated with anterior lesions and fluent aphasias with posterior lesions. Repetition is impaired with perisylvian lesions. The most common acute-onset aphasia syndromes are Broca aphasia, Wernicke aphasia, global aphasia, transcortical motor aphasia, and conduction aphasia. Mimics of aphasia include dysarthria, the acute confusional state, and aphemia. Both formal and informal methods of rehabilitation are important to maximize language outcome in aphasic patients.
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    7 sg:copyrightHolder Springer International Publishing Switzerland
    8 sg:copyrightYear 2016
    9 sg:ddsId b978-3-319-29632-6_3
    10 sg:doi 10.1007/978-3-319-29632-6_3
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    21 sg:scigraphId 3b1d94d50c7723bc04f43808d6bc7870
    22 sg:title Aphasia
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