COPYRIGHT YEAR

2004

AUTHORS

Gerald A. Cory

TITLE

The Maslow Hierarchy of Needs vs. Maclean’s Triune Brain

ABSTRACT

Confronted with recent advances in the study of the genome, molecular biology, and evolutionary neuroscience, scholars have increasingly challenged the long—prevailing so-called standard social science model of human nature that sees our brain as a tabula rasa or blank slate. In political science, Elliott White (1992), acknowledged the end of the empty organism perspective that had prevailed for the greater part of the 20th century in the form of behaviorist psychology. Focusing on the importance of neurobiology as a necessary foundation for the sciences of human action, to include the science of politics, he wrote: “A science of human life that ignores the brain is akin to a study of the solar system that leaves out the sun.”(1992: 1). Primatologist Shirley Strum and social scientist Bruno Latour in their article “Redefining the Social Link from Baboons to Humans,” (1991), argued for a performative model of social interaction in which society is continually constructed or performed by active social beings. Popular writer and cognitive scientist Steven Pinker of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, brought the debate into the public forum in his The Blank Slate: The Modem Denial of Human Nature (2002).

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