COPYRIGHT YEAR

2017

AUTHORS

Brian B. Boutwell, Kasey Fowler-Finn, Nicholas Kavish

TITLE

Criminology’s Modern Synthesis: Remaking the Science of Crime with Darwinian Insight

ABSTRACT

For over a century and half now, the biological sciences have been moored to a unifying set of principles—that life on earth is ancient; that all life is descended from a common ancestor; that the diversity of species on the planet is the product of random genetic mutations and a combination of random genetic drift and nonrandom selection favoring alleles promoting survival and reproduction; and that these processes apply to every living organism (Buss, 2015; Darwin, 1859; Dennett, 1995; Goetz & Shackelford, 2006; Pinker, 1997; Stearns, 2000; Wright, 1994). Yet, for decades (and decades) in the social sciences, scholars have conducted their work as if humans, for all practical purposes, were exempted from these universal evolutionary processes (Horowitz, Yaworsky, & Kickham, 2014; Maynard, Boutwell, Vaughn, Naeger, & Dell, 2015; Pinker, 2002). At most, these scholars allowed for the fact that our bodies may have been historically sculpted by natural selection, but the instant we invented culture we were freed from the laws of nature and exempted from the pressures of selection forces (Cochran & Harpending, 2009). Consequently, the role of biology in some disciplines has come a distant second to the role of culture and socialization in exploring and explaining human nature and human differences (Pinker, 2002; Winegard, Winegard, & Boutwell, 2017).

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1 book-chapters:137c686e7c00919671c28f20a8c694fc sg:abstract Abstract For over a century and half now, the biological sciences have been moored to a unifying set of principles—that life on earth is ancient; that all life is descended from a common ancestor; that the diversity of species on the planet is the product of random genetic mutations and a combination of random genetic drift and nonrandom selection favoring alleles promoting survival and reproduction; and that these processes apply to every living organism (Buss, 2015; Darwin, 1859; Dennett, 1995; Goetz & Shackelford, 2006; Pinker, 1997; Stearns, 2000; Wright, 1994). Yet, for decades (and decades) in the social sciences, scholars have conducted their work as if humans, for all practical purposes, were exempted from these universal evolutionary processes (Horowitz, Yaworsky, & Kickham, 2014; Maynard, Boutwell, Vaughn, Naeger, & Dell, 2015; Pinker, 2002). At most, these scholars allowed for the fact that our bodies may have been historically sculpted by natural selection, but the instant we invented culture we were freed from the laws of nature and exempted from the pressures of selection forces (Cochran & Harpending, 2009). Consequently, the role of biology in some disciplines has come a distant second to the role of culture and socialization in exploring and explaining human nature and human differences (Pinker, 2002; Winegard, Winegard, & Boutwell, 2017).
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6 sg:copyrightHolder Springer International Publishing AG
7 sg:copyrightYear 2017
8 sg:ddsId b978-3-319-60576-0_7
9 sg:doi 10.1007/978-3-319-60576-0_7
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18 sg:metadataRights OpenAccess
19 sg:pageFirst 171
20 sg:pageLast 183
21 sg:scigraphId 137c686e7c00919671c28f20a8c694fc
22 sg:title Criminology’s Modern Synthesis: Remaking the Science of Crime with Darwinian Insight
23 sg:webpage https://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-60576-0_7
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25 rdfs:label BookChapter: Criminology’s Modern Synthesis: Remaking the Science of Crime with Darwinian Insight
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