PUBLICATION DATE

2015-05

TITLE

Does the Recent Growth of Aquaculture Create Antibiotic Resistance Threats Different from those Associated with Land Animal Production in Agriculture?

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

17

ISSN (print)

N/A

ISSN (electronic)

N/A

ABSTRACT

Important antibiotics in human medicine have been used for many decades in animal agriculture for growth promotion and disease treatment. Several publications have linked antibiotic resistance development and spread with animal production. Aquaculture, the newest and fastest growing food production sector, may promote similar or new resistance mechanisms. This review of 650+ papers from diverse sources examines parallels and differences between land-based agriculture of swine, beef, and poultry and aquaculture. Among three key findings was, first, that of 51 antibiotics commonly used in aquaculture and agriculture, 39 (or 76%) are also of importance in human medicine; furthermore, six classes of antibiotics commonly used in both agriculture and aquaculture are also included on the World Health Organization's (WHO) list of critically important/highly important/important antimicrobials. Second, various zoonotic pathogens isolated from meat and seafood were observed to feature resistance to multiple antibiotics on the WHO list, irrespective of their origin in either agriculture or aquaculture. Third, the data show that resistant bacteria isolated from both aquaculture and agriculture share the same resistance mechanisms, indicating that aquaculture is contributing to the same resistance issues established by terrestrial agriculture. More transparency in data collection and reporting is needed so the risks and benefits of antibiotic usage can be adequately assessed.

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JOURNAL BRAND

N/A (note: articles not published by Springer Nature have limited metadata)


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    15 TRIPLES      14 PREDICATES      16 URIs      10 LITERALS

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    1 articles:ca8d33dcc0eddc3db3df5dba34e22ea9 sg:abstract Important antibiotics in human medicine have been used for many decades in animal agriculture for growth promotion and disease treatment. Several publications have linked antibiotic resistance development and spread with animal production. Aquaculture, the newest and fastest growing food production sector, may promote similar or new resistance mechanisms. This review of 650+ papers from diverse sources examines parallels and differences between land-based agriculture of swine, beef, and poultry and aquaculture. Among three key findings was, first, that of 51 antibiotics commonly used in aquaculture and agriculture, 39 (or 76%) are also of importance in human medicine; furthermore, six classes of antibiotics commonly used in both agriculture and aquaculture are also included on the World Health Organization's (WHO) list of critically important/highly important/important antimicrobials. Second, various zoonotic pathogens isolated from meat and seafood were observed to feature resistance to multiple antibiotics on the WHO list, irrespective of their origin in either agriculture or aquaculture. Third, the data show that resistant bacteria isolated from both aquaculture and agriculture share the same resistance mechanisms, indicating that aquaculture is contributing to the same resistance issues established by terrestrial agriculture. More transparency in data collection and reporting is needed so the risks and benefits of antibiotic usage can be adequately assessed.
    2 sg:doi 10.1208/s12248-015-9722-z
    3 sg:doiLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12248-015-9722-z
    4 sg:isFundedPublicationOf grants:243416e74054fa85cd49645bfdbcb207
    5 grants:f370282bfedb6cd2da5fc4d5f981c1a2
    6 sg:issue 3
    7 sg:language English
    8 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    9 sg:publicationYear 2015
    10 sg:publicationYearMonth 2015-05
    11 sg:scigraphId ca8d33dcc0eddc3db3df5dba34e22ea9
    12 sg:title Does the Recent Growth of Aquaculture Create Antibiotic Resistance Threats Different from those Associated with Land Animal Production in Agriculture?
    13 sg:volume 17
    14 rdf:type sg:Article
    15 rdfs:label Article: Does the Recent Growth of Aquaculture Create Antibiotic Resistance Threats Different from those Associated with Land Animal Production in Agriculture?
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