PUBLICATION DATE

2011

TITLE

Language as a Stressor in Aphasia.

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

25

ISSN (print)

N/A

ISSN (electronic)

N/A

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Persons with aphasia often report feeling anxious when using language while communicating. While many patients, caregivers, clinicians and researchers would agree that language may be a stressor for persons with aphasia, systematic empirical studies of stress and/or anxiety in aphasia remain scarce. AIM: The aim of this paper is to review the existing literature discussing language as a stressor in aphasia, identify key issues, highlight important gaps, and propose a program for future study. In doing so, we hope to underscore the importance of understanding aspects of the emotional aftermath of aphasia, which plays a critical role in the process of recovery and rehabilitation. MAIN CONTRIBUTION: Post stroke emotional dysregulation in persons with chronic aphasia clearly has adverse effects for language performance and prospects of recovery. However, the specific role anxiety might play in aphasia has yet to be determined. As a starting point, we propose to view language in aphasia as a stressor, linked to an emotional state we term "linguistic anxiety." Specifically, a person with linguistic anxiety is one in whom the deliberate, effortful production of language involves anticipation of an error, with the imminence of linguistic failure serving as the threat. Since anticipation is psychologically linked to anxiety and also plays an important role in the allostatic system, we suggest that examining physiologic stress responses in persons with aphasia when they are asked to perform a linguistic task would be a productive tool for assessing the potential relation of stress to "linguistic anxiety." CONCLUSION: Exploring the putative relationship between anxiety and language in aphasia, through the study of physiologic stress responses, could establish a platform for investigating language changes in the brain in other clinical populations, such as in individuals with Alzheimer's disease or persons with post traumatic stress disorder, or even with healthy aging persons, in whom "linguistic anxiety" might be at work when they have trouble finding words.

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JOURNAL BRAND

N/A (note: articles not published by Springer Nature have limited metadata)


FROM GRANT

  • Language In The Aging Brain
  • Boston University Aphasia Research Core Center
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    14 TRIPLES      13 PREDICATES      15 URIs      9 LITERALS

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    1 articles:be0a0bbaa792ea92e474ea30d0a002c8 sg:abstract BACKGROUND: Persons with aphasia often report feeling anxious when using language while communicating. While many patients, caregivers, clinicians and researchers would agree that language may be a stressor for persons with aphasia, systematic empirical studies of stress and/or anxiety in aphasia remain scarce. AIM: The aim of this paper is to review the existing literature discussing language as a stressor in aphasia, identify key issues, highlight important gaps, and propose a program for future study. In doing so, we hope to underscore the importance of understanding aspects of the emotional aftermath of aphasia, which plays a critical role in the process of recovery and rehabilitation. MAIN CONTRIBUTION: Post stroke emotional dysregulation in persons with chronic aphasia clearly has adverse effects for language performance and prospects of recovery. However, the specific role anxiety might play in aphasia has yet to be determined. As a starting point, we propose to view language in aphasia as a stressor, linked to an emotional state we term "linguistic anxiety." Specifically, a person with linguistic anxiety is one in whom the deliberate, effortful production of language involves anticipation of an error, with the imminence of linguistic failure serving as the threat. Since anticipation is psychologically linked to anxiety and also plays an important role in the allostatic system, we suggest that examining physiologic stress responses in persons with aphasia when they are asked to perform a linguistic task would be a productive tool for assessing the potential relation of stress to "linguistic anxiety." CONCLUSION: Exploring the putative relationship between anxiety and language in aphasia, through the study of physiologic stress responses, could establish a platform for investigating language changes in the brain in other clinical populations, such as in individuals with Alzheimer's disease or persons with post traumatic stress disorder, or even with healthy aging persons, in whom "linguistic anxiety" might be at work when they have trouble finding words.
    2 sg:doi 10.1080/02687038.2010.541469
    3 sg:doiLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02687038.2010.541469
    4 sg:isFundedPublicationOf grants:dd86c6594a4216604069b588af0368b1
    5 grants:f8d9ce37351c6b69b1eed5c55e78545f
    6 sg:issue 2
    7 sg:language English
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    9 sg:publicationYear 2011
    10 sg:scigraphId be0a0bbaa792ea92e474ea30d0a002c8
    11 sg:title Language as a Stressor in Aphasia.
    12 sg:volume 25
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    14 rdfs:label Article: Language as a Stressor in Aphasia.
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