PUBLICATION DATE

2010-05-11

AUTHORS

Zhijun Zhao

TITLE

New data and new issues for the study of origin of rice agriculture in China

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

2

ISSN (print)

1866-9557

ISSN (electronic)

1866-9565

ABSTRACT

China was one of the major centers for the origin of agriculture in the world. The origins of agriculture in China, especially the origin of rice agriculture, made a significant contribution not only to the occurrence of Chinese civilization but also to the development of world history. Recently, the study on the origin of rice agriculture has attracted the attention of the academic community due to the dramatic development of archaeobotanical research in China. In recent years, the flotation technique has widely implemented in archaeological excavations in China. As the result, a tremendous amount of plant remains have been recovered from archaeological sites, including those much related to the study of early rice agriculture. The new data provide direct archaeological evidence for, and raise some new issues about, the origin of rice agriculture in China. For example, the rice remains from the Shangshan site, dated to ca. 10,000 cal. B.P., suggest the beginning of rice cultivation regardless of whether that rice was domesticated or not. The quantitative analysis of plant remains recovered by floatation from the Jiahu site, dated to ca. 8,000 cal. B.P., revealed that the subsistence of the Jiahu people mainly relied on fishing/hunting/gathering, while the products of rice cultivation and animal husbandry were only a supplement to their diet. The ongoing excavation, with floatation and water-sieving, at the Tianluoshan site, dated to 6,000 to 7,000 cal. B.P., suggests that rice farming, though important, was only part of a broader subsistence pattern of the Hemudu Culture, and rice domestication culminated after 6,500 B.P and the beginning of rice domestication remain unclear.

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33 TRIPLES      30 PREDICATES      32 URIs      20 LITERALS

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1 articles:a674237fc6f0f3f9c8e21f7c819f2642 sg:abstract Abstract China was one of the major centers for the origin of agriculture in the world. The origins of agriculture in China, especially the origin of rice agriculture, made a significant contribution not only to the occurrence of Chinese civilization but also to the development of world history. Recently, the study on the origin of rice agriculture has attracted the attention of the academic community due to the dramatic development of archaeobotanical research in China. In recent years, the flotation technique has widely implemented in archaeological excavations in China. As the result, a tremendous amount of plant remains have been recovered from archaeological sites, including those much related to the study of early rice agriculture. The new data provide direct archaeological evidence for, and raise some new issues about, the origin of rice agriculture in China. For example, the rice remains from the Shangshan site, dated to ca. 10,000 cal. B.P., suggest the beginning of rice cultivation regardless of whether that rice was domesticated or not. The quantitative analysis of plant remains recovered by floatation from the Jiahu site, dated to ca. 8,000 cal. B.P., revealed that the subsistence of the Jiahu people mainly relied on fishing/hunting/gathering, while the products of rice cultivation and animal husbandry were only a supplement to their diet. The ongoing excavation, with floatation and water-sieving, at the Tianluoshan site, dated to 6,000 to 7,000 cal. B.P., suggests that rice farming, though important, was only part of a broader subsistence pattern of the Hemudu Culture, and rice domestication culminated after 6,500 B.P and the beginning of rice domestication remain unclear.
2 sg:articleType OriginalPaper
3 sg:coverYear 2010
4 sg:coverYearMonth 2010-06
5 sg:ddsId s12520-010-0028-x
6 sg:ddsIdJournalBrand 12520
7 sg:doi 10.1007/s12520-010-0028-x
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18 sg:issnElectronic 1866-9565
19 sg:issnPrint 1866-9557
20 sg:issue 2
21 sg:language English
22 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
23 sg:pageEnd 105
24 sg:pageStart 99
25 sg:publicationDate 2010-05-11
26 sg:publicationYear 2010
27 sg:publicationYearMonth 2010-05
28 sg:scigraphId a674237fc6f0f3f9c8e21f7c819f2642
29 sg:title New data and new issues for the study of origin of rice agriculture in China
30 sg:volume 2
31 sg:webpage https://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12520-010-0028-x
32 rdf:type sg:Article
33 rdfs:label Article: New data and new issues for the study of origin of rice agriculture in China
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