PUBLICATION DATE

1993-12

TITLE

Obesity in Pima Indians: large increases among post-World War II birth cohorts.

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

92

ISSN (print)

N/A

ISSN (electronic)

N/A

ABSTRACT

Several studies have shown secular increases in obesity during the past 35 years, and others have reported increases in dietary fat consumption during the same period. Here we report a dramatic increase in obesity among Pima Indians born after World War II that appears to be associated with increased exposure to Western customs and diet following 1945. We examined the body mass index (BMI = weight in kilograms/height2 in meters) of 1,128 male and 1,372 female Pima Indians aged 15-65 years who were born between 1901 and 1964 and were examined between 1965 and 1990. We found large increases in BMI among Pima Indian men and women in post-World War II birth cohorts (1945 and later). The parallel changes in body mass index, dietary fat, and exposure to Western culture following World War II suggest that culturally mediated changes in diet and level of physical activity associated with modern industrialized society may have led to the large increases in obesity in the Pima Indians and to smaller parallel changes observed worldwide in westernized countries.

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JOURNAL BRAND

N/A (note: articles not published by Springer Nature have limited metadata)


FROM GRANT

  • Genetic Analysis Of Human Obesity
  • Genetic Studies Of Obesity
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    15 TRIPLES      14 PREDICATES      16 URIs      10 LITERALS

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 articles:944893da1349fc4200ae567a411c399c sg:abstract Several studies have shown secular increases in obesity during the past 35 years, and others have reported increases in dietary fat consumption during the same period. Here we report a dramatic increase in obesity among Pima Indians born after World War II that appears to be associated with increased exposure to Western customs and diet following 1945. We examined the body mass index (BMI = weight in kilograms/height2 in meters) of 1,128 male and 1,372 female Pima Indians aged 15-65 years who were born between 1901 and 1964 and were examined between 1965 and 1990. We found large increases in BMI among Pima Indian men and women in post-World War II birth cohorts (1945 and later). The parallel changes in body mass index, dietary fat, and exposure to Western culture following World War II suggest that culturally mediated changes in diet and level of physical activity associated with modern industrialized society may have led to the large increases in obesity in the Pima Indians and to smaller parallel changes observed worldwide in westernized countries.
    2 sg:doi 10.1002/ajpa.1330920406
    3 sg:doiLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.1330920406
    4 sg:isFundedPublicationOf grants:90995c4f5b6a684fbf18d5f953f1d679
    5 grants:ecedc76a45585e852237c78f2d7e3360
    6 sg:issue 4
    7 sg:language English
    8 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    9 sg:publicationYear 1993
    10 sg:publicationYearMonth 1993-12
    11 sg:scigraphId 944893da1349fc4200ae567a411c399c
    12 sg:title Obesity in Pima Indians: large increases among post-World War II birth cohorts.
    13 sg:volume 92
    14 rdf:type sg:Article
    15 rdfs:label Article: Obesity in Pima Indians: large increases among post-World War II birth cohorts.
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