PUBLICATION DATE

2009-07-01

TITLE

The Life-Long Mortality Risks Of World War II Experiences.

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

31

ISSN (print)

N/A

ISSN (electronic)

N/A

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study of American veterans investigated the mortality risks of five World War II military experiences (i.e., combat exposure) and their variation among veterans in the post-war years. METHODS: The male subjects (N=854) are members of the Stanford-Terman study, and 38 percent served in World War II. Cox models (proportional hazards regressions) compared the relative mortality risk associated with each military experience. RESULTS: Overseas duty, service in the Pacific and exposure to combat significantly increased the mortality risks of veterans in the study. Individual differences in education, mental health in 1950, and age at entry into the military, as well as personality factors made no difference in these results. CONCLUSIONS: A gradient is observable such that active duty on the home front, followed by overseas duty, service in the Pacific, and combat exposure markedly increased the risk of relatively early mortality. Potential linking mechanisms include heavy drinking.

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JOURNAL BRAND

N/A (note: articles not published by Springer Nature have limited metadata)


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    16 TRIPLES      15 PREDICATES      17 URIs      11 LITERALS

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    1 articles:8b00e0c39d99e71b11910787832af6ca sg:abstract OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study of American veterans investigated the mortality risks of five World War II military experiences (i.e., combat exposure) and their variation among veterans in the post-war years. METHODS: The male subjects (N=854) are members of the Stanford-Terman study, and 38 percent served in World War II. Cox models (proportional hazards regressions) compared the relative mortality risk associated with each military experience. RESULTS: Overseas duty, service in the Pacific and exposure to combat significantly increased the mortality risks of veterans in the study. Individual differences in education, mental health in 1950, and age at entry into the military, as well as personality factors made no difference in these results. CONCLUSIONS: A gradient is observable such that active duty on the home front, followed by overseas duty, service in the Pacific, and combat exposure markedly increased the risk of relatively early mortality. Potential linking mechanisms include heavy drinking.
    2 sg:doi 10.1177/0164027509333447
    3 sg:doiLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0164027509333447
    4 sg:isFundedPublicationOf grants:07fc30384cf490e198c2e97cdf00744f
    5 grants:ce1ad9a73a008dddcb6f232847e844bb
    6 sg:issue 4
    7 sg:language English
    8 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    9 sg:publicationDate 2009-07-01
    10 sg:publicationYear 2009
    11 sg:publicationYearMonth 2009-07
    12 sg:scigraphId 8b00e0c39d99e71b11910787832af6ca
    13 sg:title The Life-Long Mortality Risks Of World War II Experiences.
    14 sg:volume 31
    15 rdf:type sg:Article
    16 rdfs:label Article: The Life-Long Mortality Risks Of World War II Experiences.
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