PUBLICATION DATE

1990-03

AUTHORS

J. Baird Callicott

TITLE

The metaphysical transition in farming: From the newtonian-mechanical to the eltonian ecological

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

3

ISSN (print)

0893-4282

ISSN (electronic)

1573-322X

ABSTRACT

Modern agriculture is subject to a metaphysical as well as an ethical critique. As a casual review of the beliefs associated with food production in the past suggests, modern agriculture is embedded in and informed by the prevailing modern world view, Newtonian Mechanics, which is bankrupt as a scientific paradigm and unsustainable as an agricultural motif. A new holistic, organic world view is emerging from ecology and the new physics marked by four general conceptual features: Each level of organization from atoms to ecosystems (1) exhibits emergent properties, (2) exerts downward causation from whole to part, (3) is a systemically integrated whole, (4) the parts of which are internally related. Organic agriculture has been favourably compared with industrial agriculture by the United States National Academy of Science's Board on Agriculture. Aldo Leopold was among the first to criticize industrial agriculture and to envision a new motif for agriculture informed by ecology. A future post-modern ecological agriculture will help to solve the ethical problems engendered by modern mechanical agriculture.

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30 TRIPLES      28 PREDICATES      29 URIs      17 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 articles:5533dbafbe9d3efa49030b19702db397 sg:abstract Abstract Modern agriculture is subject to a metaphysical as well as an ethical critique. As a casual review of the beliefs associated with food production in the past suggests, modern agriculture is embedded in and informed by the prevailing modern world view, Newtonian Mechanics, which is bankrupt as a scientific paradigm and unsustainable as an agricultural motif. A new holistic, organic world view is emerging from ecology and the new physics marked by four general conceptual features: Each level of organization from atoms to ecosystems (1) exhibits emergent properties, (2) exerts downward causation from whole to part, (3) is a systemically integrated whole, (4) the parts of which are internally related. Organic agriculture has been favourably compared with industrial agriculture by the United States National Academy of Science's Board on Agriculture. Aldo Leopold was among the first to criticize industrial agriculture and to envision a new motif for agriculture informed by ecology. A future post-modern ecological agriculture will help to solve the ethical problems engendered by modern mechanical agriculture.
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16 sg:issnElectronic 1573-322X
17 sg:issnPrint 0893-4282
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19 sg:language English
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21 sg:pageEnd 49
22 sg:pageStart 36
23 sg:publicationYear 1990
24 sg:publicationYearMonth 1990-03
25 sg:scigraphId 5533dbafbe9d3efa49030b19702db397
26 sg:title The metaphysical transition in farming: From the newtonian-mechanical to the eltonian ecological
27 sg:volume 3
28 sg:webpage https://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF02014479
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30 rdfs:label Article: The metaphysical transition in farming: From the newtonian-mechanical to the eltonian ecological
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