PUBLICATION DATE

2014-04

TITLE

An estimate of the U.S. government's undercount of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses in agriculture.

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

24

ISSN (print)

N/A

ISSN (electronic)

N/A

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Debate surrounds the accuracy of U.S. government's estimates of job-related injuries and illnesses in agriculture. Whereas studies have attempted to estimate the undercount for all industries combined, none have specifically addressed agriculture. METHODS: Data were drawn from the U.S. government's premier sources for workplace injuries and illnesses and employment: the Bureau of Labor Statistics databanks for the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, and the Current Population Survey. Estimates were constructed using transparent assumptions; for example, that the rate (cases-per-employee) of injuries and illnesses on small farms was the same as on large farms (an assumption we altered in sensitivity analysis). RESULTS: We estimated 74,932 injuries and illnesses for crop farms and 68,504 for animal farms, totaling 143,436 cases in 2011. We estimated that SOII missed 73.7% of crop farm cases and 81.9% of animal farm cases for an average of 77.6% for all agriculture. Sensitivity analyses suggested that the percent missed ranged from 61.5% to 88.3% for all agriculture. CONCLUSIONS: We estimate considerable undercounting of nonfatal injuries and illnesses in agriculture and believe the undercounting is larger than any other industry. Reasons include: SOII's explicit exclusion of employees on small farms and of farmers and family members and Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages's undercounts of employment. Undercounting limits our ability to identify and address occupational health problems in agriculture, affecting both workers and society.

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JOURNAL BRAND

N/A (note: articles not published by Springer Nature have limited metadata)


FROM GRANT

  • The Western Center For Agricultural Health And Safety At Uc Davis
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    14 TRIPLES      14 PREDICATES      15 URIs      10 LITERALS

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    1 articles:26548f83924edffa64c25f4116a209eb sg:abstract BACKGROUND: Debate surrounds the accuracy of U.S. government's estimates of job-related injuries and illnesses in agriculture. Whereas studies have attempted to estimate the undercount for all industries combined, none have specifically addressed agriculture. METHODS: Data were drawn from the U.S. government's premier sources for workplace injuries and illnesses and employment: the Bureau of Labor Statistics databanks for the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, and the Current Population Survey. Estimates were constructed using transparent assumptions; for example, that the rate (cases-per-employee) of injuries and illnesses on small farms was the same as on large farms (an assumption we altered in sensitivity analysis). RESULTS: We estimated 74,932 injuries and illnesses for crop farms and 68,504 for animal farms, totaling 143,436 cases in 2011. We estimated that SOII missed 73.7% of crop farm cases and 81.9% of animal farm cases for an average of 77.6% for all agriculture. Sensitivity analyses suggested that the percent missed ranged from 61.5% to 88.3% for all agriculture. CONCLUSIONS: We estimate considerable undercounting of nonfatal injuries and illnesses in agriculture and believe the undercounting is larger than any other industry. Reasons include: SOII's explicit exclusion of employees on small farms and of farmers and family members and Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages's undercounts of employment. Undercounting limits our ability to identify and address occupational health problems in agriculture, affecting both workers and society.
    2 sg:doi 10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.01.006
    3 sg:doiLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.01.006
    4 sg:isFundedPublicationOf grants:5ab081d08ad5f6158c9ee593ba058cc1
    5 sg:issue 4
    6 sg:language English
    7 sg:license http://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    8 sg:publicationYear 2014
    9 sg:publicationYearMonth 2014-04
    10 sg:scigraphId 26548f83924edffa64c25f4116a209eb
    11 sg:title An estimate of the U.S. government's undercount of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses in agriculture.
    12 sg:volume 24
    13 rdf:type sg:Article
    14 rdfs:label Article: An estimate of the U.S. government's undercount of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses in agriculture.
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