Tsunami source of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-07

AUTHORS

Yushiro Fujii, Kenji Satake, Shin’ichi Sakai, Masanao Shinohara, Toshihiko Kanazawa

ABSTRACT

Tsunami waveform inversion for the 11 March, 2011, off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake (M 9.0) indicates that the source of the largest tsunami was located near the axis of the Japan trench. Ocean-bottom pressure, and GPS wave, gauges recorded two-step tsunami waveforms: a gradual increase of sea level (~2 m) followed by an impulsive tsunami wave (3 to 5 m). The slip distribution estimated from 33 coastal tide gauges, offshore GPS wave gauges and bottom-pressure gauges show that the large slip, more than 40 m, was located along the trench axis. This offshore slip, similar but much larger than the 1896 Sanriku “tsunami earthquake,” is responsible for the recorded large impulsive peak. Large slip on the plate interface at southern Sanriku-oki (~30 m) and Miyagi-oki (~17 m) around the epicenter, a similar location with larger slip than the previously proposed fault model of the 869 Jogan earthquake, is responsible for the initial water-level rise and, presumably, the large tsunami inundation in Sendai plain. The interplate slip is ~10 m in Fukushima-oki, and less than 3 m in the Ibaraki-oki region. The total seismic moment is estimated as 3.8 × 1022 N m (Mw = 9.0). More... »

PAGES

55

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.5047/eps.2011.06.010

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.5047/eps.2011.06.010

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000379326


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