The fidelity of visual and auditory memory View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04-01

AUTHORS

Michele E. Gloede, Melissa K. Gregg

ABSTRACT

Recent studies show that recognition memory for pictures is consistently better than recognition memory for sounds. The purpose of this experiment was to compare the fidelity of auditory and visual memory to better understand the reported differences in the two memory systems. Participants received a study phase with pictures/sounds, followed by a same-day memory test or a delayed recognition memory test. During the memory test, participants were presented with pictures/sounds that were old (presented during study), novel foils not presented during study, or exemplar foils that were variants of objects presented during study. Participants were instructed to classify each picture/sound as "old" or "new" by pressing a corresponding key. The same-day memory task revealed fundamental differences in visual and auditory memory: auditory representations are coarse and gist-based, while visual representations are highly detailed. However, auditory and visual memory performance was similar after a delay of 2 and 7 days and both types of memory representations were more coarse and gist-based. The results make an important contribution to our understanding of how the world is represented in auditory and visual memory. More... »

PAGES

1-8

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2007-07. Seeing the light: exploring the Colavita visual dominance effect in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 2011-06. Auditory and visual memory in musicians and nonmusicians in BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
  • 1970-08. Perception and memory for pictures: Single-trial learning of 2500 visual stimuli in PSYCHONOMIC SCIENCE
  • 2015-10. Detailed and gist-like visual memories are forgotten at similar rates over the course of a week in BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
  • 1974-03. Human sensory dominance in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/s13423-019-01597-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-019-01597-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113173481

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30937831


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