Why does picture naming take longer than word reading? The contribution of articulatory processes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-10

AUTHORS

Stéphanie Riès, Thierry Legou, Borís Burle, F.-Xavier Alario, Nicole Malfait

ABSTRACT

Since the 19th century, it has been known that response latencies are longer for naming pictures than for reading words aloud. While several interpretations have been proposed, a common general assumption is that this difference stems from cognitive word-selection processes and not from articulatory processes. Here we show that, contrary to this widely accepted view, articulatory processes are also affected by the task performed. To demonstrate this, we used a procedure that to our knowledge had never been used in research on language processing: response-latency fractionating. Along with vocal onsets, we recorded the electromyographic (EMG) activity of facial muscles while participants named pictures or read words aloud. On the basis of these measures, we were able to fractionate the verbal response latencies into two types of time intervals: premotor times (from stimulus presentation to EMG onset), mostly reflecting cognitive processes, and motor times (from EMG onset to vocal onset), related to motor execution processes. We showed that premotor and motor times are both longer in picture naming than in reading, although than in reading, although articulation is already initiated in the latter measure. Future studies based on this new approach should bring valuable clues for a better understanding of the relation between the cognitive and motor processes involved in speech production. More... »

PAGES

955-961

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/s13423-012-0287-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-012-0287-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038763402

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22753046


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