Simultaneous dichotic loudness balance (SDLB): Why loudness “fatigues” with two ears but not with one View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-06

AUTHORS

Lance Nizami

ABSTRACT

In the laboratory method called simultaneous dichotic loudness balance (SDLB), the contribution-to-loudness that arises from the listener's continually exposed "fatiguing" ear is required to be matched (balanced) by the listener, by adjusting the intensity of a noncontinuous stimulus at the other ("comparison") ear. The latter intensity usually declines, allegedly indicating "fatigue" of the contribution-to-loudness from the "fatiguing" ear. However, no "fatigue" is found when one ear alone (with the other ear in quiet) experiences a continuous well-suprathreshold stimulus. This is a quandary that remains unresolved. The present article offers a resolution, through a novel conceptual model in which any ear experiencing stimuli acts through a well-characterized physiological structure, the olivocochlear bundle, to "turn down the volume" at the opposite ear. The model explains how "fatigue" varies in eight different SDLB conditions, some having several subconditions. Altogether, the model demonstrates that "fatigue" is an artifact of SDLB itself. More... »

PAGES

1-30

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985. Auditory Time Constants: A Paradox? in TIME RESOLUTION IN AUDITORY SYSTEMS
  • 2017. Fatal Flaws in Norwich’s “Mystery of Loudness Adaptation” in TRANSACTIONS ON ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES
  • 2010-09-16. Measurement of Loudness, Part II: Context Effects in LOUDNESS
  • 2006-03. Loudness Adaptation in Acoustic and Electric Hearing in JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH IN OTOLARYNGOLOGY
  • 1975-07. Influence of duty cycle and off time of comparison-tone pulse trains on the measurement of perstimulatory loudness adaptation in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 2010-02. A Mathematical Exploration of the Mystery of Loudness Adaptation in BULLETIN OF MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/s13414-019-01694-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01694-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112585981

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30843177


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