Natural speech statistics shift phoneme categorization View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-18

AUTHORS

Christian E. Stilp, Ashley A. Assgari

ABSTRACT

All perception takes place in context. Recognition of a given speech sound is influenced by the acoustic properties of surrounding sounds. When the spectral composition of earlier (context) sounds (e.g., more energy at lower first formant [F1] frequencies) differs from that of a later (target) sound (e.g., vowel with intermediate F1), the auditory system magnifies this difference, biasing target categorization (e.g., towards higher-F1 /ɛ/). Historically, these studies used filters to force context sounds to possess desired spectral compositions. This approach is agnostic to the natural signal statistics of speech (inherent spectral compositions without any additional manipulations). The auditory system is thought to be attuned to such stimulus statistics, but this has gone untested. Here, vowel categorization was measured following unfiltered (already possessing the desired spectral composition) or filtered sentences (to match spectral characteristics of unfiltered sentences). Vowel categorization was biased in both cases, with larger biases as the spectral prominences in context sentences increased. This confirms sensitivity to natural signal statistics, extending spectral context effects in speech perception to more naturalistic listening conditions. Importantly, categorization biases were smaller and more variable following unfiltered sentences, raising important questions about how faithfully experiments using filtered contexts model everyday speech perception. More... »

PAGES

1-16

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/s13414-018-01659-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-018-01659-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112850049

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30887381


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