Take a look at the bright side: Effects of contrast polarity on gaze direction judgments View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-10

AUTHORS

Bettina Olk, Lawrence A. Symons, Alan Kingstone

ABSTRACT

Observers are inaccurate when judging the gaze direction of eyes shown in negative rather than positive polarity. On the basis of this polarity effect, it has been proposed that gaze is perceived as directed from the dark part of the eye. Our experiment investigated whether direction judgments simply follow this heuristic, as has been suggested. Participants judged the gaze direction of eyes shown at different eccentricities in positive or negative polarity. The error pattern revealed that most errors were incorrect "straight" judgments, suggesting that judgments do not merely follow the heuristic "the dark part does the looking." We suggest that gaze judgments are based on the outcome of a competition between gaze direction signals: Whereas luminance cues may indicate that gaze is directed from the dark part of the eye, geometric cues may indicate the opposite. This interpretation is supported by reduced overall error rates, and fewer incorrect "straight" responses, for more extreme gaze directions. More... »

PAGES

1298-1304

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/pp.70.7.1298

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/pp.70.7.1298

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032146827

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18927011


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