Enhanced occipital and anterior cingulate activation in men but not in women during exposure to angry and fearful male faces View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-09

AUTHORS

Håkan Fischer, Peter Fransson, Christopher I. Wright, Lars Bäckman

ABSTRACT

Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent signal was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging in 24 healthy young subjects (12 men and 12 women) during viewing of angry, fearful, and neutral male and female face pictures. Exposure to angry male as opposed to angry female faces activated the visual cortex and the anterior cingulate gyrus significantly more in men than in women. A similar sex-differential brain activation pattern was present during exposure to fearful but not neutral faces. Previous behavioral studies indicate enhanced physiological arousal in men but not in women during exposure to angry male asopposed to female faces, and brain imaging studies have shown that the occipital cortex and the anterior cingulate gyrus are influenced by activity in the autonomic nervous system as well as by visualattention. Hence, we suggest that the elevated occipital and anterior cingulate activation in men during confrontation with other angry and fearful males may reflect enhanced vigilance in a potentially dangerous situation. More... »

PAGES

326-334

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/cabn.4.3.326

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/cabn.4.3.326

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030996149

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15535168


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52 schema:description Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent signal was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging in 24 healthy young subjects (12 men and 12 women) during viewing of angry, fearful, and neutral male and female face pictures. Exposure to angry male as opposed to angry female faces activated the visual cortex and the anterior cingulate gyrus significantly more in men than in women. A similar sex-differential brain activation pattern was present during exposure to fearful but not neutral faces. Previous behavioral studies indicate enhanced physiological arousal in men but not in women during exposure to angry male asopposed to female faces, and brain imaging studies have shown that the occipital cortex and the anterior cingulate gyrus are influenced by activity in the autonomic nervous system as well as by visualattention. Hence, we suggest that the elevated occipital and anterior cingulate activation in men during confrontation with other angry and fearful males may reflect enhanced vigilance in a potentially dangerous situation.
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