Organization and recall of pictures and words in children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1972-12

AUTHORS

Arnold Powell, James Havnaer, Wendall Wiggins

ABSTRACT

Recall and category clustering of pictures and words were investigated among Ss from the third, fourth, and sixth grades. Both recall and organization were greater among older Ss and for pictorial stimuli. Recall was correlated with scores on a standardized achievement test designed to measure paragraph comprehension (PC). The Z-score measure of clustering was found to yield more reliable and consistent results than the adjusted ratio of clustering. Some of the change in recall as a function of age was associated with both category clustering and PC scores. This finding was interpreted as supporting the view that memory does not develop as an isolated skill, but reflects the child’s developing ability to transform surface structures into abstractly organized deep structures. It was suggested that pictures are easier to recall because the transformation of surface structure representations into organized deep structures is less influenced by the context of encoding than it is in the case of words. More... »

PAGES

385-387

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03336608

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03336608

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043381420


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