The role of pretest and test similarity in producing helpless or reactant responding in humans View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1979-12

AUTHORS

Ashton D. Trice, Paul J. Woods

ABSTRACT

In three experiments, the similarity between the pretest unsolvable training task and the subsequent test task for helplessness was examined. When pretest and test were dissimilar in both content (arithmetic vs. anagram problems) and mode of presentation, performance was enhanced on the test, compared with solvable and control groups (Experiments 1 and 2). The use of some solvable problems in the pretest was found to reduce the variability of results. When pretest and test were composed of similar problems, the typical helplessness pattern was exhibited (Experiment 3). External locus of control subjects were found to respond less under all experimental conditions (Experiment 1). The relationship between these data and the helplessness and reactance models of the effects of noncontingent failure is discussed. More... »

PAGES

457-459

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03329510

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03329510

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005622585


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