Spatial selectivity in visual search View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1981-05

AUTHORS

James E. Hoffman, Billie Nelson

ABSTRACT

To what extent does successful search for a target letter in a visual display depend on the allocation of attention to the target’s spatial position? To investigate this question, we required subjects to discriminate the orientation of a briefly flashed U-shaped form while searching for a target letter. Performance operating characteristics (POCs) were derived by varying the relative amounts of attention subjects were to devote to each task. Extensive tradeoffs in performance were observed when the orientation form and target letter occurred in nonadjacent display positions. In contrast, the tradeoff was much more restricted when the two targets occurred in adjacent positions. These results suggest that the interference between simultaneous visual discriminations depends critically on their separation in visual space. Both visual search and form discrimination require a common limited-capacity visual resource. More... »

PAGES

283-290

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1979-07. A two-stage model of visual search in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1973-06. Selective encoding from multielement visual displays in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1966-01. Visual detection in relation to display size and redundancy of critical elements I in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1976-09. Does prior knowledge facilitate the detection of visual targets in random noise? in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1980-05. Enhancement of perceptual sensitivity as the result of selectively attending to spatial locations in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1972-03. Temporal and spatial characteristics of selective encoding from visual displays in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1975-09. Hierarchical stages in the processing of visual information in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1978-01. Search through a sequentially presented visual display in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1974-01. Effects of noise letters upon the identification of a target letter in a nonsearch task in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • 1974-01. Detecting target elements in multielement arrays: A confusability model in ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, & PSYCHOPHYSICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03214284

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03214284

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023373081

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7322804


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