Imagination inflation: Imagining a childhood event inflates confidence that it occurred View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1996-06

AUTHORS

Maryanne Garry, Charles G. Manning, Elizabeth F. Loftus, Steven J. Sherman

ABSTRACT

Counterfactual imaginings are known to have far-reaching implications. In the present experiment, we ask if imagining events from one's past can affect memory for childhood events. We draw on the social psychology literature showing that imagining a future event increases the subjective likelihood that the event will occur. The concepts of cognitive availability and the source-monitoring framework provide reasons to expect that imagination may inflate confidence that a childhood event occurred. However, people routinely produce myriad counterfactual imaginings (i.e., daydreams and fantasies) but usually do not confuse them with past experiences. To determine the effects of imagining a childhood event, we pretested subjects on how confident they were that a number of childhood events had happened, asked them to imagine some of those events, and then gathered new confidence measures. For each of the target items, imagination inflated confidence that the event had occurred in childhood. We discuss implications for situations in which imagination is used as an aid in searching for presumably lost memories. More... »

PAGES

208-214

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03212420

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03212420

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025062903

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24213869


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