Effect of prior nonreward on subsequent incentive growth during brief acquisition View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1980-03

AUTHORS

Charles I. Brooks

ABSTRACT

Four experiments compared runway extinction or hurdle-jumping from nonreward performance following brief (10 trials) continuous or partial reinforcement acquisition. Some of the partial groups received all nonrewarded trials prior to any rewards. The major findings were that (l) rats receiving all nonrewarded experiences prior to rewarded ones were more persistent during extinction than continuously rewarded subjects; (2) rats receiving nonrewarded placements prior to rewarded ones in one compartment of a two-compartment box, failed to learn a hurdle-jumping response to escape nonreward, whereas rats not receiving the initial nonrewards did learn the escape response; (3) increasing the number of rewarded placements following initial nonrewarded ones offset the effect noted in (2). The results, which are discussed in the context of a frustration analysis of the small-trials partial reinforcement effect, suggest that incentive growth over rewarded trials is retarded when the rewards have been preceded by nonrewards. The similarity of these results to those investigating the phenomenon of latent inhibition is apparent, and possible mechanisms responsible for the present results are suggested in current theoretical accounts of latent inhibition. More... »

PAGES

143-151

Journal

TITLE

Learning & Behavior

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

8

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03209742

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03209742

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049296475


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