Recall criterion does not affect recall level or hypermnesia: A puzzle for generate/recognize theories View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1985-01

AUTHORS

Henry L. Roediger, David G. Payne

ABSTRACT

Subjects studied a mixed list of 70 words that varied in imagery value and then received three successive tests. Also varied were instructions given to subjects prior to list presentation (imagery or semantic rehearsal) and the type of recall test (standard free recall, an uninhibited-recall procedure in which subjects were encouraged to free associate and to guess while recalling the list, and a forced-recall condition in which they were also told to write a large number of responses to fill the allotted spaces). Recall improved across the three tests in all conditions, but the improvement was greater for high-than for low-imagery words. In addition, hypermnesia (the improved recall across tests) was shown to occur following semantic rehearsal instructions as well as imagery instructions and to occur with low-imagery words, contrary to the imagery hypothesis of the effect. Most importantly, the large variation in recall criterion produced by manipulating instructions at test (as measured by intrusions) did not affect the overall level of correct recall or the magnitude of improvements across tests. Apparently, the assumption of generate-recognize theories that people generate much more information in free recall than they produce (due to a stringent criterion for recognition of the generated material) is false. More... »

PAGES

1-7

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03198437

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03198437

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002457962

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4010509


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