Hypermnesia for Socratic stimuli: The growth of recall for an internally generated memory list abstracted from a series of riddles View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1977-05

AUTHORS

Matt Erdelyi, Herman Buschke, Shira Finkelstein

ABSTRACT

Hypermnesia (the increase of recall with time and effort) was tested and contrasted for three conditions of input, each thought to involve different levels of cognitive processing. The basic design involved a multitrial free recall procedure, with groups differing only in the presentation of materials to be remembered. The words subjects (most superficial cognitive processing) recalled a serial list of 40 words; the pictures subjects recalled the same series of 40 pictures; and the Socratic subjects (deepest cognitive processing) recalled an internally generated memory set consisting of covert solutions to 40 riddles, which had been pretested to yield the same 40 items as those of the other groups. While all groups showed spontaneous recovery of additional items on repeated recall without further presentation, as well as faster retrieval rates in early portions of successive recall trials, the increase in the number of items recalled on each trial was greatest for the Socratic group, intermediate for the pictures group, and least for the words group, suggesting that the greater the depth of cognitive processing, the greater the magnitude of hypermnesia. More... »

PAGES

283-286

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-05. Reminiscence and item recovery in free recall in MEMORY & COGNITION
  • 1975-01. Retrieval of categorized items increases without guessing in PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03197571

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03197571

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011738870

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24202895


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, CUNY, 11210, Brooklyn, New York", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.183006.c", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, CUNY, 11210, Brooklyn, New York"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Erdelyi", 
            "givenName": "Matt", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Neurosciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.251993.5", 
              "name": [
                "The Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York", 
                "Rose F. Kennedy Center for Research in Mental Retardation and Human Development, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York", 
                "Department of Neurosciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Buschke", 
            "givenName": "Herman", 
            "id": "sg:person.01365670072.33", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365670072.33"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Graduate Center, City University of New York, 10036, New York, New York", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.253482.a", 
              "name": [
                "Graduate Center, City University of New York, 10036, New York, New York"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Finkelstein", 
            "givenName": "Shira", 
            "id": "sg:person.0103502235.80", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0103502235.80"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.3758/bf03213168", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043636062", 
              "https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03213168"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.3758/bf03336709", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000302989", 
              "https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03336709"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1977-05", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1977-05-01", 
        "description": "Hypermnesia (the increase of recall with time and effort) was tested and contrasted for three conditions of input, each thought to involve different levels of cognitive processing. The basic design involved a multitrial free recall procedure, with groups differing only in the presentation of materials to be remembered. The words subjects (most superficial cognitive processing) recalled a serial list of 40 words; the pictures subjects recalled the same series of 40 pictures; and the Socratic subjects (deepest cognitive processing) recalled an internally generated memory set consisting of covert solutions to 40 riddles, which had been pretested to yield the same 40 items as those of the other groups. While all groups showed spontaneous recovery of additional items on repeated recall without further presentation, as well as faster retrieval rates in early portions of successive recall trials, the increase in the number of items recalled on each trial was greatest for the Socratic group, intermediate for the pictures group, and least for the words group, suggesting that the greater the depth of cognitive processing, the greater the magnitude of hypermnesia.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.3758/bf03197571", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1016414", 
            "issn": [
              "0090-502X", 
              "1532-5946"
            ], 
            "name": "Memory & Cognition", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "5"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "cognitive processing", 
          "free recall procedure", 
          "successive recall trials", 
          "series of riddles", 
          "memory list", 
          "words subjects", 
          "recall trials", 
          "recall procedure", 
          "number of items", 
          "serial list", 
          "picture group", 
          "hypermnesia", 
          "word groups", 
          "presentation of material", 
          "further presentation", 
          "picture\u2019s subject", 
          "recall", 
          "additional items", 
          "conditions of input", 
          "items", 
          "spontaneous recovery", 
          "early portion", 
          "processing", 
          "memory", 
          "stimuli", 
          "words", 
          "different levels", 
          "subjects", 
          "riddle", 
          "presentation", 
          "list", 
          "group", 
          "picture", 
          "trials", 
          "retrieval rate", 
          "input", 
          "levels", 
          "design", 
          "series", 
          "same series", 
          "conditions", 
          "procedure", 
          "recovery", 
          "magnitude", 
          "basic design", 
          "number", 
          "portion", 
          "increase", 
          "depth", 
          "rate", 
          "materials", 
          "growth", 
          "solution", 
          "multitrial free recall procedure", 
          "Socratic subjects", 
          "covert solutions", 
          "faster retrieval rates", 
          "Socratic group", 
          "magnitude of hypermnesia", 
          "Socratic stimuli", 
          "growth of recall"
        ], 
        "name": "Hypermnesia for Socratic stimuli: The growth of recall for an internally generated memory list abstracted from a series of riddles", 
        "pagination": "283-286", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1011738870"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.3758/bf03197571"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "24202895"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03197571", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011738870"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:01", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_138.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03197571"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03197571'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03197571'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03197571'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03197571'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    152 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      90 URIs      80 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03197571 schema:about anzsrc-for:17
    2 anzsrc-for:1701
    3 schema:author Ne60042adeb0441e0a363cdb864db140f
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.3758/bf03213168
    5 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03336709
    6 schema:datePublished 1977-05
    7 schema:datePublishedReg 1977-05-01
    8 schema:description Hypermnesia (the increase of recall with time and effort) was tested and contrasted for three conditions of input, each thought to involve different levels of cognitive processing. The basic design involved a multitrial free recall procedure, with groups differing only in the presentation of materials to be remembered. The words subjects (most superficial cognitive processing) recalled a serial list of 40 words; the pictures subjects recalled the same series of 40 pictures; and the Socratic subjects (deepest cognitive processing) recalled an internally generated memory set consisting of covert solutions to 40 riddles, which had been pretested to yield the same 40 items as those of the other groups. While all groups showed spontaneous recovery of additional items on repeated recall without further presentation, as well as faster retrieval rates in early portions of successive recall trials, the increase in the number of items recalled on each trial was greatest for the Socratic group, intermediate for the pictures group, and least for the words group, suggesting that the greater the depth of cognitive processing, the greater the magnitude of hypermnesia.
    9 schema:genre article
    10 schema:inLanguage en
    11 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    12 schema:isPartOf N1a3b7b36a35c49e4ad493973a55667bb
    13 Nbf5da915c19947ab9fb063b201319b98
    14 sg:journal.1016414
    15 schema:keywords Socratic group
    16 Socratic stimuli
    17 Socratic subjects
    18 additional items
    19 basic design
    20 cognitive processing
    21 conditions
    22 conditions of input
    23 covert solutions
    24 depth
    25 design
    26 different levels
    27 early portion
    28 faster retrieval rates
    29 free recall procedure
    30 further presentation
    31 group
    32 growth
    33 growth of recall
    34 hypermnesia
    35 increase
    36 input
    37 items
    38 levels
    39 list
    40 magnitude
    41 magnitude of hypermnesia
    42 materials
    43 memory
    44 memory list
    45 multitrial free recall procedure
    46 number
    47 number of items
    48 picture
    49 picture group
    50 picture’s subject
    51 portion
    52 presentation
    53 presentation of material
    54 procedure
    55 processing
    56 rate
    57 recall
    58 recall procedure
    59 recall trials
    60 recovery
    61 retrieval rate
    62 riddle
    63 same series
    64 serial list
    65 series
    66 series of riddles
    67 solution
    68 spontaneous recovery
    69 stimuli
    70 subjects
    71 successive recall trials
    72 trials
    73 word groups
    74 words
    75 words subjects
    76 schema:name Hypermnesia for Socratic stimuli: The growth of recall for an internally generated memory list abstracted from a series of riddles
    77 schema:pagination 283-286
    78 schema:productId N551be43870684eafb2e11c7ba8037067
    79 Na1d5b210406a498083fd18c2eaf749a3
    80 Nf2d3bb0b45394ba6b109fce33a3118f6
    81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011738870
    82 https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03197571
    83 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:01
    84 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    85 schema:sdPublisher N1f944ae12de14e72b6cc8b022f4b62cf
    86 schema:url https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03197571
    87 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    88 sgo:sdDataset articles
    89 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    90 N1a3b7b36a35c49e4ad493973a55667bb schema:volumeNumber 5
    91 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    92 N1f944ae12de14e72b6cc8b022f4b62cf schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    93 rdf:type schema:Organization
    94 N29065d0a136b4d578320cd4a8d49afb0 rdf:first sg:person.01365670072.33
    95 rdf:rest N9979d3ae73be49e5b57af9ef80ccd4a0
    96 N54ee0d49195d4d148741d14bfdfb8e1d schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.183006.c
    97 schema:familyName Erdelyi
    98 schema:givenName Matt
    99 rdf:type schema:Person
    100 N551be43870684eafb2e11c7ba8037067 schema:name pubmed_id
    101 schema:value 24202895
    102 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    103 N9979d3ae73be49e5b57af9ef80ccd4a0 rdf:first sg:person.0103502235.80
    104 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    105 Na1d5b210406a498083fd18c2eaf749a3 schema:name dimensions_id
    106 schema:value pub.1011738870
    107 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    108 Nbf5da915c19947ab9fb063b201319b98 schema:issueNumber 3
    109 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    110 Ne60042adeb0441e0a363cdb864db140f rdf:first N54ee0d49195d4d148741d14bfdfb8e1d
    111 rdf:rest N29065d0a136b4d578320cd4a8d49afb0
    112 Nf2d3bb0b45394ba6b109fce33a3118f6 schema:name doi
    113 schema:value 10.3758/bf03197571
    114 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    115 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    116 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
    117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    118 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    119 schema:name Psychology
    120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    121 sg:journal.1016414 schema:issn 0090-502X
    122 1532-5946
    123 schema:name Memory & Cognition
    124 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    125 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    126 sg:person.0103502235.80 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.253482.a
    127 schema:familyName Finkelstein
    128 schema:givenName Shira
    129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0103502235.80
    130 rdf:type schema:Person
    131 sg:person.01365670072.33 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.251993.5
    132 schema:familyName Buschke
    133 schema:givenName Herman
    134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365670072.33
    135 rdf:type schema:Person
    136 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03213168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043636062
    137 https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03213168
    138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    139 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03336709 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000302989
    140 https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03336709
    141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    142 grid-institutes:grid.183006.c schema:alternateName Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, CUNY, 11210, Brooklyn, New York
    143 schema:name Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, CUNY, 11210, Brooklyn, New York
    144 rdf:type schema:Organization
    145 grid-institutes:grid.251993.5 schema:alternateName Department of Neurosciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York
    146 schema:name Department of Neurosciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York
    147 Rose F. Kennedy Center for Research in Mental Retardation and Human Development, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York
    148 The Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10461, Bronx, New York
    149 rdf:type schema:Organization
    150 grid-institutes:grid.253482.a schema:alternateName Graduate Center, City University of New York, 10036, New York, New York
    151 schema:name Graduate Center, City University of New York, 10036, New York, New York
    152 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...