Are words represented by nodes? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1989-09

AUTHORS

Gregory O. Stone, Guy C. Van Orden

ABSTRACT

Semantic priming in a lexical decision task was investigated with concurrent pretarget and posttarget primes. The posttarget prime also served as a pattern mask of the lexical decision target. Forward priming is defined as the presence of a semantically related pretarget prime and an unrelated posttarget prime. Backward priming is defined as the presence of a semantically related posttarget prime and an unrelated pretarget prime. Forward and backward priming were compared both when the nonword foils were "legal" and when they were "illegal" with respect to English orthography. Predictions were derived for two general approaches to word recognition: spreading-activation and expectancy-set theories. Both approaches assume that word representations occupy distinct, nonoverlapping locations in memory. Backward-prime facilitation was equivalent to forward-prime facilitation when nonword foils were illegal; however, backward-prime facilitation was not significant when nonword foils were legal. These results challenge both approaches. The proposed solution uses semantic-space (distributed) representations that are functionally unitized by a resonant matching (verification) process. More... »

PAGES

511-524

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3758/bf03197073

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/bf03197073

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019458443

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2796736


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