Influence of Plant Cover on Hydrothermal Conditions in Soils of Large Lysimeters of the MSU Soil Station: Results of a ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-07

AUTHORS

G. V. Matyshak, O. Yu. Goncharova, L. G. Bogatyrev, M. I. Riazantseva

ABSTRACT

The hydrothermal regime of soils, which are formed on the same type of parent rock under different plant communities in ecosystems of large lysimeters at the Soil Experimental Station of Moscow State University, is characterized. The inter- and intra-annual influence of the vegetation cover on the dynamics of temperature and moisture content in soil horizons is evaluated. It is shown that over a 60-year period after the start of the experiment, the studied soils significantly differ in moisture and temperature conditions. The greatest impact is exerted by the tree layer, due to the precipitation redistribution and the transpiration effect, which significantly decrease soil moisture and lysimetric runoff. There is a 2–3-time difference in the moistening of the upper 20-cm layer and more than 10-time difference in the runoff volume between the driest ecosystem (spruce forest) and the most humid one (fallow). The specific effect of the forest type on the temperature regime of soils is revealed. The temperature is minimal under coniferous ecosystem and is maximal under broad-leaved ecosystem (the difference in the mean annual temperature in the 10-cm soil layer is more than 1.6°С). The role of the grass cover, which reduces temperature extremes and evaporation from the soil surface, is shown. Seasonal features of the effect of the plant cover on the hydrothermal soil regime are assessed. More... »

PAGES

134-139

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3103/s0147687421030078

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3103/s0147687421030078

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141615095


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