Specificity of soil hydrolytically microbial complex under different moisture conditions View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-03

AUTHORS

N. A. Manucharova, A. M. Yaroslavtsev, A. L. Stepanov, I. I. Sudnitsyn, P. A. Kozhevin

ABSTRACT

It has been established that soil moisture has a significant impact on the activity of chitinolytic microbial processes, rather than pectinolytic processes. The degradation of polysaccharides with an increase in soil moisture in microbial complex markedly increases the role of prokaryotic microorganisms, especially actinomycetes. For the first time, using the FISH method, the amount of detected phylogenetic composition of a metabolically active hydrolytic complex of humus horizons of grey forest and gley and weakly podzolic soil and humus has been estimated depending on the humidity. At optimum moisture, phylogenetic groups Actinobacteria and Firmicutes dominated in the chitinolytic process. An increase in the proportion of proteobacteria is observed with an increase in humidity. The role of gamma- and alphaproteobacteria and actino-bacteria is heightened with the drying of soil in the hydrolytic complex. A quantitative estimate of the rate of degradation of polysaccharides (pectin and chitin) in different types of soils at different levels of moisture is given. The dependence of the phylogenetic composition of an active microbial hydrolytic complex of humus horizons of grey forest and gley, weakly podzolic soils and humus on humidity is revealed. More... »

PAGES

25-32

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.3103/s0147687412010048

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.3103/s0147687412010048

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021113245


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