A palaeotemperature record for the Finnish Lakeland based on microdensitometric variations in tree rings View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-09

AUTHORS

Samuli Helama, Matti Vartiainen, Jari Holopainen, Hanna M. Mäkelä, Taneli Kolström, Jouko Meriläinen

ABSTRACT

X-ray based tree-ring data of maximum latewood densities (MXD) was combined for south-eastern Finland. This data originated from subfossil and modern pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) materials comprising a continuous dendroclimatic record over the past millennium. Calibrating and verifying the MXD chronologies against the instrumental temperature data showed a promising opportunity to reconstruct warm-season (May through September) temperature variability. A new palaeotemperature record correlated statistically significantly with the long instrumental temperature records in the region and adjacent areas since the 1740s. Comparisons with tree-ring based (MXD and tree-ring width) reconstructions from northern Fennoscandia and northern Finland exhibited consistent summer temperature variations through the Medieval Climate Anomaly, Little Ice Age, and the 20th century warmth. A culmination of the LIA cooling during the early 18th century appeared consistently with the Maunder Minimum, when the solar activity was drastically reduced. A number of coolest reconstructed events between AD 1407 and 1902 were coeval to years of crop failure and famine as documented in the agro-historical chronicles. Results indicate an encouraging possibility of warm-season temperature reconstructions using middle/south boreal tree-ring archives to detail and enhance the understanding of past interactions between humans, ecosystems and the earth. More... »

PAGES

265-277

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  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.2478/s13386-013-0163-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s13386-013-0163-0

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