Disposition of polycyclic aromatic compounds in blue crabs,Callinectes sapidus, from the southern Chesapeake Bay View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1988-12

AUTHORS

Robert C. Hale

ABSTRACT

The blue crab,Callinectes sapidus, is an abundant and widely distributed species in the Chesapeake Bay. It also supports a valuable fishery. Minimal information concerning concentrations of toxic organic compounds in crustaceans of the southern Chesapeake Bay is currently available. As a consequence, a study to determine the tissue burdens and behavior of lipophilic polycylic aromatic compounds (PACs) in these organisms was undertaken. Highest concentrations of PACs were detected in hepatopancreas, followed by ovarian and muscle tissues. Extractable lipid levels in the tissues were positively correlated with organic xenobiotic concentrations. The major contaminants detected in blue crabs sampled from the southern bay were alkylated PACs, as opposed to unsubstituted polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons which have been reported to predominate in molluscs and sediments of the bay. This dichotomy may be due to differences in contaminant bioavailability or in the relative abilities of the organisms to eliminate xenobiotics. Crabs from both heavily industrialized and relatively undeveloped areas, showed evidence of exposure. These data suggest that localized areas of contamination and episodic contaminant releases may result in xenobiotic body burdens in mobile/migratory species. Crabs acutely exposed to radiolabeled benzo(a)pyrene in the laboratory were capable of rapid bioaccumulation. After transfer to clean water, the organisms efficiently eliminated this material, although at a rate slower than that observed for accumulation. Evidence that ecdysis in crustaceans may affect the disposition of PACs was also witnessed in these experiments. Differences in tissue concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene derived material were observed between crabs of various sex, maturity, and molt stages. More... »

PAGES

255

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1978. Toxicity of Sodium Pentachlorophenate to the Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, in Relation to the Molt Cycle in PENTACHLOROPHENOL
  • 1987-11. Polychlorinated biphenyls in blue crabs from South Carolina in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1980-12. Inhibition by the polychlorinated biphenyl aroclor 1242 of limb regeneration in the fiddler crab,Uca pugilator, in different salinities from which different numbers of limbs have been removed in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1984-12. Octanol-water partition coefficient of benzo(a)pyrene: Measurement, calculation, and environmental implications in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1976-09. Fate of petroleum hydrocarbons taken up from food and water by the blue crab Callinectes sapidus in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1980-12. Accumulation and elimination of radioactivity in the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) following intragastric administration of [9-14C]phenanthrene in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1976-11. Accumulation and release of petroleum-derived aromatic hydrocarbons by four species of marine animals in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1981-03. Effect of environmental temperature on naphthalene metabolism by Juvenile Starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus) in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1986-12. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination of American lobster,Homarus americanus, in the proximity of a coal-coking plant in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Chesapeake Science

    ISSUE

    4

    VOLUME

    11

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.2307/1352012

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1352012

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038755153


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