A Descriptive Study of Bicycle Helmet Use in Montreal, 2011 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-09-17

AUTHORS

Tara Grenier, Dan L. Deckelbaum, Kerianne Boulva, Laura Drudi, Mitra Feyz, Nathalie Rodrigue, Nancy Tze, Paola Fata, Kosar Khwaja, Talat Chughtai, Tarek Razek

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to describe bicycle helmet use among Montreal cyclists as a step towards injury prevention programming.MethodsUsing a cross-sectional study design, cyclists were observed during 60-minute periods at 22 locations on the island of Montreal. There were 1–3 observation periods per location. Observations took place between August 16 and October 31, 2011. Standard statistical methods were used, unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence interval were calculated.ResultsA total of 4,789 cyclists were observed. The helmet-wearing proportion of all cyclists observed was 46% (95% CI 44-47). Women had a higher helmet-wearing proportion than men (50%, 95% CI 47–52 vs. 44%, 95% CI 42–45, respectively). Youth had the highest helmet-wearing proportion (73%, 95% CI 64-81), while young adults had the lowest (34%, 95% CI 30-37). Visible minorities were observed wearing a helmet 29% (95% CI 25-34) of the time compared to Caucasians, 47% (95% CI 46-49). BIXI (bike sharing program) riders were observed wearing a helmet 12% (95% CI 10-15) of the time compared to riders with their own bike, 51% (95% CI 49-52).ConclusionsAlthough above the national average, bicycle helmet use in Montreal is still considerably low given that the majority of cyclists do not wear a helmet. Injury Prevention Programs could target the entire cyclist population, but special attention may be warranted in specific groups such as young men, visible minorities, BIXI riders, and those riding in tourist areas. Additionally, a collaborative enterprise with the bicycle sharing system BIXI Montreal™ could prove to be fruitful in addressing the availability of bike helmets for BIXI riders. More... »

PAGES

e400-e404

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.17269/cjph.104.3936

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/cjph.104.3936

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068323528

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24183181


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