Antiherpes screening of marine organisms from Colombian Caribbean Sea View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-08

AUTHORS

Izabella T. Silva, Thiago Caon, Débora D. Lückemeyer, Freddy A. Ramos, Edisson Tello, Catalina Arévalo-Ferro, Eloir P. Schenkel, Carmenza Duque, Cláudia M. O. Simões

ABSTRACT

The exploration of marine environment represents a promising strategy in the search for new active antiviral compounds. The isolation and characterization of the nucleosides spongothymidine and spongouridine from the sponge Cryptotethia crypta used as models for the synthesis of ara-A (vidarabine), that has been used therapeutically against herpetic encephalitis, was the most important contribution since the late 1970s. This paper describes the in vitro antiviral evaluation of 26 organic extracts obtained from eleven octocoral species and fifteen marine sponges. Cytotoxicity was evaluated on Vero cells by MTT assay and the antiviral activity was tested against Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1, KOS strain) by plaque number reduction assay. Results were expressed as 50% cytotoxic (CC50) and 50% inhibitory (IC50) concentrations, respectively, in order to calculate the selectivity index (SI= CC50/IC50) of each extract. Among the tested marine octocoral species, only three extracts showed antiviral activity, but with low selectivity indices (<3.0). Among the tested marine sponges, eight extracts showed SI values higher than 2.0, and three can be considered promising (Aka cachacrouense, Niphates erecta and Dragmacidon reticulatum) with SI values of 5.0, 8.0 and 11.7, respectively, meriting complementary studies in order to identify the bioactive components of these sponge extracts, which are in course now. More... »

PAGES

608-614

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1590/s0102-695x2011005000094

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-695x2011005000094

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032231293


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