The Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment: Evolution of Teleoperational Control of Materials Research in Microgravity View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1998

AUTHORS

J.C. Lacombe, M.B. Koss, A.O. Lupulescu, J.E. Frei, M.E. Glicksman

ABSTRACT

Exactly one year ago, the Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE) completed its third and final orbital space flight aboard the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP) on STS-87. The IDGE conducted 180 experiments on dendritic growth in 5-9's succinonitrile (SCN), a BCC material used on USMP-2 and USMP-3, and over 100 experiments on 4-9's pivalic acid (PVA), an FCC material used on USMP-4. IDGE film and telemetry data provide benchmark tip velocity and radii versus supercooling for critically testing transport theory and the interfacial physics of diffusion-limited dendritic growth. Post-flight application of optical tomography is providing the first tip shape data allowing quantitative tests of three-dimensional phase field calculations. Several new discoveries were made during each flight concerning the behavior of dendrites at low driving forces, and the influences of time-dependent pattern features and noise. A summary of these scientific highlights will be provided. The IDGE instrument was upgraded on each successive flight, improving its optics and electronics, especially the capability for teleoperational control. Near real-time, full gray-scale video was accommodated on USMP-4, allowing investigation of non-steady-state features and time-dependent growth dynamics. A short example of video from space will be shown. USMP-4 science was teleoperated by a student cadre for 16 days from a remote site established by NASA at RPI. This operational experience provides valuable insights, which will be drawn upon for future microgravity experiments to be conducted on the International Space Station. More... »

PAGES

235

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1557/proc-551-235

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/proc-551-235

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067944259


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