Evaluating Amorphization Around Micro-Cracks in PV Silicon View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009

AUTHORS

Prashant K. Kulshreshtha, Khaled M. Youssef, George Rozgonyi

ABSTRACT

Since the initiation and propagation of a micro-crack in a silicon wafer introduces local variations in stress, it is critical to the understanding of wafer breakage that accurate profiling of stress be performed in the vicinity of the micro-crack. In this study, nanoindentation has been used to investigate the stress-relaxation during crack initiation and propagation in material of particular interest to the photovoltaic (PV) industry. The low load (<1 mN) capability of a Hysitron Triboindenter ® was used to accurately profile the extent of plastic deformation and resulting amorphization. Measurements were made on Si samples extracted from top, middle and bottom of a (100) oriented single crystal ingot to evaluate the impact of different carbon, oxygen and metallic impurity concentrations. A gradual but significant drop in hardness from 10.2 to 6.9 GPa occurred as indents were made closer to the micro-crack and was attributed to local amorphization. Electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) and Raman spectroscopy confirmed the amorphization, respectively, at nano- and micro-scale. More... »

PAGES

1210-q05-08

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1557/proc-1210-q05-08

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/proc-1210-q05-08

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067909508


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