Annealing optimization for tin–lead eutectic solder by constitutive experiment and simulation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-08

AUTHORS

Xu Long, Shaobin Wang, Xu He, Yao Yao

ABSTRACT

For Sn–Pb eutectic solder alloy, uniaxial tensile tests were conducted to dog-bone type specimens annealed at different temperatures (60–180 °C) and durations (2–48 h). Low strain rates ranging from 10 −4 s −1 to 10 −3 s −1 were applied to study the competition between creep and plasticity and also the rate dependent effect of annealing condition. It is found that the influence of annealing temperature on material properties is more than that of annealing duration. Higher temperature up to 180 °C generally leads to higher yield and ultimate stresses and ultimate strain of annealed specimens. The optimal annealing condition is suggested to be 180 °C for 6 h for stable and efficient improvements in both strength and ductility. By proposing a concise unified creep and plasticity constitutive model, the sensitivity to strain rate and annealing condition is quantified with consideration of both creep and hardening properties. Parameter calibration theoretically confirms the observed optimal annealing condition in experiments. More... »

PAGES

3089-3099

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-01. Multiaxial low-cycle fatigue of 63Sn-37Pb solder in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 1992-01. Strain-rate and temperature-dependent stress-strain curves of Sn-Pb eutectic alloy in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 2004-06. Tensile fracture behaviors of solid-state-annealed eutectic SnPb and lead-free solder flip chip bumps in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
  • 2004-04. Comparison of low-melting lead-free solders in tensile properties with Sn–Pb eutectic solder in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE: MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS
  • 2016-03-22. An Evaluation Method for Tensile Characteristics of Cu/Sn IMCs Using Miniature Composite Solder Specimen in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 1995-10. The effect of soldering process variables on the microstructure and mechanical properties of eutectic Sn-Ag/Cu solder joints in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 2015-07-15. Effects of thermal residual stress on interfacial properties of polyphenylene sulphide/carbon fibre (PPS/CF) composite by microbond test in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 2002-02. Morphology, kinetics, and thermodynamics of solid-state aging of eutectic SnPb and Pb-free solders (Sn–3.5Ag, Sn–3.8Ag–0.7Cu and Sn–0.7Cu) on Cu in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
  • 2003-12. Effects of cooling rate on the microstructure and tensile behavior of a Sn-3.5wt.%Ag solder in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 2005-10. Solid-state annealing behavior of two high-Pb solders, 95Pb5Sn and 90Pb10Sn, on Cu under bump metallurgy in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 2005-06-01. Kinetics of Pb-rich Phase Particle Coarsening in Sn–Pb Solder Under Isothermal Annealing–cooling Rate Dependence in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
  • 2008-05. Measurement of impact toughness of eutectic SnPb and SnAgCu solder joints in ball grid array by mini-impact tester in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
  • 2001-09. Effect of lead content on vibration fracture behavior of Pb–Sn eutectic solder in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
  • 2001-10. Microstructure coarsening during static annealing of 60Sn40Pb solder joints: I stereology in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2017.166

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085219483


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440588.5", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Long", 
            "givenName": "Xu", 
            "id": "sg:person.010352721063.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010352721063.26"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440588.5", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wang", 
            "givenName": "Shaobin", 
            "id": "sg:person.010742327321.60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010742327321.60"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440588.5", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "He", 
            "givenName": "Xu", 
            "id": "sg:person.012335270321.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012335270321.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440588.5", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi\u2019an 710072, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Yao", 
            "givenName": "Yao", 
            "id": "sg:person.011313423711.63", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011313423711.63"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/b:jmse.0000012458.57604.db", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015758221", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/b:jmse.0000012458.57604.db"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2008.0186", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033249351", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2008.0186"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2001.0363", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011546731", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2001.0363"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-003-0109-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023123131", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-003-0109-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2005.0198", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000945450", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2005.0198"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2002.0042", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028528907", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2002.0042"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2004.0235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044938832", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2004.0235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-005-0262-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049154051", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-005-0262-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-001-0114-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013430473", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-001-0114-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00576289", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019355822", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00576289"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10853-015-9251-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020293439", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-015-9251-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-016-4456-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024129082", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-016-4456-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-005-0189-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006839516", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-005-0189-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02655465", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029469628", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02655465"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2017-05-08", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2017-05-08", 
        "description": "Abstract     \n For Sn\u2013Pb eutectic solder alloy, uniaxial tensile tests were conducted to dog-bone type specimens annealed at different temperatures (60\u2013180 \u00b0C) and durations (2\u201348 h). Low strain rates ranging from 10 \u22124 s \u22121 to 10 \u22123 s \u22121 were applied to study the competition between creep and plasticity and also the rate dependent effect of annealing condition. It is found that the influence of annealing temperature on material properties is more than that of annealing duration. Higher temperature up to 180 \u00b0C generally leads to higher yield and ultimate stresses and ultimate strain of annealed specimens. The optimal annealing condition is suggested to be 180 \u00b0C for 6 h for stable and efficient improvements in both strength and ductility. By proposing a concise unified creep and plasticity constitutive model, the sensitivity to strain rate and annealing condition is quantified with consideration of both creep and hardening properties. Parameter calibration theoretically confirms the observed optimal annealing condition in experiments. ", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8124494", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8263985", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1357547", 
            "issn": [
              "0884-2914", 
              "2044-5326"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal of Materials Research", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "16", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "32"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "optimal annealing conditions", 
          "annealing conditions", 
          "dog-bone type specimens", 
          "tin-lead eutectic solder", 
          "eutectic solder alloy", 
          "plasticity constitutive model", 
          "uniaxial tensile tests", 
          "low strain rates", 
          "unified creep", 
          "constitutive model", 
          "solder alloy", 
          "tensile tests", 
          "ultimate strain", 
          "annealed specimens", 
          "strain rate", 
          "eutectic solder", 
          "material properties", 
          "ultimate stress", 
          "constitutive experiments", 
          "creep", 
          "parameter calibration", 
          "high temperature", 
          "different temperatures", 
          "temperature", 
          "rate-dependent effects", 
          "efficient improvement", 
          "ductility", 
          "solder", 
          "alloy", 
          "properties", 
          "conditions", 
          "specimens", 
          "simulations", 
          "strength", 
          "optimization", 
          "experiments", 
          "calibration", 
          "stress", 
          "influence", 
          "rate", 
          "test", 
          "high yields", 
          "model", 
          "improvement", 
          "dependent effects", 
          "consideration", 
          "strains", 
          "effect", 
          "sensitivity", 
          "plasticity", 
          "yield", 
          "duration", 
          "type specimens", 
          "competition"
        ], 
        "name": "Annealing optimization for tin\u2013lead eutectic solder by constitutive experiment and simulation", 
        "pagination": "3089-3099", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1085219483"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1557/jmr.2017.166"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2017.166", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085219483"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:36", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_733.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2017.166"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    192 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      92 URIs      70 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N4ebc01a127414732a1d4664b4295fc25
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00576289
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02655465
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s10853-015-9251-2
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-001-0114-z
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-003-0109-z
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-005-0189-z
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-005-0262-7
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-016-4456-y
    12 sg:pub.10.1023/b:jmse.0000012458.57604.db
    13 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2001.0363
    14 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2002.0042
    15 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2004.0235
    16 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2005.0198
    17 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2008.0186
    18 schema:datePublished 2017-05-08
    19 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-05-08
    20 schema:description Abstract For Sn–Pb eutectic solder alloy, uniaxial tensile tests were conducted to dog-bone type specimens annealed at different temperatures (60–180 °C) and durations (2–48 h). Low strain rates ranging from 10 −4 s −1 to 10 −3 s −1 were applied to study the competition between creep and plasticity and also the rate dependent effect of annealing condition. It is found that the influence of annealing temperature on material properties is more than that of annealing duration. Higher temperature up to 180 °C generally leads to higher yield and ultimate stresses and ultimate strain of annealed specimens. The optimal annealing condition is suggested to be 180 °C for 6 h for stable and efficient improvements in both strength and ductility. By proposing a concise unified creep and plasticity constitutive model, the sensitivity to strain rate and annealing condition is quantified with consideration of both creep and hardening properties. Parameter calibration theoretically confirms the observed optimal annealing condition in experiments.
    21 schema:genre article
    22 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    23 schema:isPartOf N406d08abf3834b08b95862e62ba27578
    24 N9db7528673be404eba7837a8e91ce511
    25 sg:journal.1357547
    26 schema:keywords alloy
    27 annealed specimens
    28 annealing conditions
    29 calibration
    30 competition
    31 conditions
    32 consideration
    33 constitutive experiments
    34 constitutive model
    35 creep
    36 dependent effects
    37 different temperatures
    38 dog-bone type specimens
    39 ductility
    40 duration
    41 effect
    42 efficient improvement
    43 eutectic solder
    44 eutectic solder alloy
    45 experiments
    46 high temperature
    47 high yields
    48 improvement
    49 influence
    50 low strain rates
    51 material properties
    52 model
    53 optimal annealing conditions
    54 optimization
    55 parameter calibration
    56 plasticity
    57 plasticity constitutive model
    58 properties
    59 rate
    60 rate-dependent effects
    61 sensitivity
    62 simulations
    63 solder
    64 solder alloy
    65 specimens
    66 strain rate
    67 strains
    68 strength
    69 stress
    70 temperature
    71 tensile tests
    72 test
    73 tin-lead eutectic solder
    74 type specimens
    75 ultimate strain
    76 ultimate stress
    77 uniaxial tensile tests
    78 unified creep
    79 yield
    80 schema:name Annealing optimization for tin–lead eutectic solder by constitutive experiment and simulation
    81 schema:pagination 3089-3099
    82 schema:productId N81daee7bc5d846049933f4cb5d65e65d
    83 Na13c0157f4004398bfc5b4e56c6b6105
    84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085219483
    85 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2017.166
    86 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:36
    87 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    88 schema:sdPublisher N29e3afe12af94ce5b1d9dad8a9b26de2
    89 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2017.166
    90 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    91 sgo:sdDataset articles
    92 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    93 N1d0bc5e627c24f80ab1b756318f3cdbb rdf:first sg:person.012335270321.31
    94 rdf:rest Nf52e1c2117144a58881489a5382ecc8d
    95 N29e3afe12af94ce5b1d9dad8a9b26de2 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    96 rdf:type schema:Organization
    97 N406d08abf3834b08b95862e62ba27578 schema:volumeNumber 32
    98 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    99 N4ebc01a127414732a1d4664b4295fc25 rdf:first sg:person.010352721063.26
    100 rdf:rest Nac8aff68b3f34424be10b4ab9cbf77e1
    101 N81daee7bc5d846049933f4cb5d65e65d schema:name doi
    102 schema:value 10.1557/jmr.2017.166
    103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    104 N9db7528673be404eba7837a8e91ce511 schema:issueNumber 16
    105 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    106 Na13c0157f4004398bfc5b4e56c6b6105 schema:name dimensions_id
    107 schema:value pub.1085219483
    108 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    109 Nac8aff68b3f34424be10b4ab9cbf77e1 rdf:first sg:person.010742327321.60
    110 rdf:rest N1d0bc5e627c24f80ab1b756318f3cdbb
    111 Nf52e1c2117144a58881489a5382ecc8d rdf:first sg:person.011313423711.63
    112 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    113 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    114 schema:name Engineering
    115 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    116 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    117 schema:name Materials Engineering
    118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    119 sg:grant.8124494 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166
    120 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    121 sg:grant.8263985 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2017.166
    122 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    123 sg:journal.1357547 schema:issn 0884-2914
    124 2044-5326
    125 schema:name Journal of Materials Research
    126 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    127 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    128 sg:person.010352721063.26 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440588.5
    129 schema:familyName Long
    130 schema:givenName Xu
    131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010352721063.26
    132 rdf:type schema:Person
    133 sg:person.010742327321.60 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440588.5
    134 schema:familyName Wang
    135 schema:givenName Shaobin
    136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010742327321.60
    137 rdf:type schema:Person
    138 sg:person.011313423711.63 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440588.5
    139 schema:familyName Yao
    140 schema:givenName Yao
    141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011313423711.63
    142 rdf:type schema:Person
    143 sg:person.012335270321.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440588.5
    144 schema:familyName He
    145 schema:givenName Xu
    146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012335270321.31
    147 rdf:type schema:Person
    148 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00576289 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019355822
    149 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00576289
    150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    151 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02655465 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029469628
    152 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02655465
    153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    154 sg:pub.10.1007/s10853-015-9251-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020293439
    155 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-015-9251-2
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-001-0114-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013430473
    158 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-001-0114-z
    159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    160 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-003-0109-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023123131
    161 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-003-0109-z
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-005-0189-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006839516
    164 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-005-0189-z
    165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    166 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-005-0262-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049154051
    167 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-005-0262-7
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-016-4456-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024129082
    170 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-016-4456-y
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 sg:pub.10.1023/b:jmse.0000012458.57604.db schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015758221
    173 https://doi.org/10.1023/b:jmse.0000012458.57604.db
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2001.0363 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011546731
    176 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2001.0363
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2002.0042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028528907
    179 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2002.0042
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2004.0235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044938832
    182 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2004.0235
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2005.0198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000945450
    185 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2005.0198
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 sg:pub.10.1557/jmr.2008.0186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033249351
    188 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2008.0186
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 grid-institutes:grid.440588.5 schema:alternateName School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, People’s Republic of China
    191 schema:name School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, People’s Republic of China
    192 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...