Biomass conversion to mixed alcohol fuels using the MixAlco process View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-03

AUTHORS

Mark T. Holtzapple, Richard R. Davison, M. Kyle Ross, Salvador Aldrett-Lee, Murlidhar Nagwani, Chang-Ming Lee, Champion Lee, Seth Adelson, William Kaar, David Gaskin, Hiroshi Shirage, Nan-Sheng Chang, Vincent S. Chang, Mitchell E. Loescher

ABSTRACT

The MixAlco process is a patented technology that converts any biodegradable material (e.g., sorted municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, industrial biosludge, manure, agricultural residues, energy crops) into mixed alcohol fuels containing predominantly 2-propanol, but also higher alcohols up to 7-tridecanol. The feedstock is treated with lime to increase its digestibility. Then, it is fed to a fermentor in which a mixed culture of acid-forming microorganisms produces carboxylic acids. Calcium carbonate is added to the fermentor to neutralize the acids to their corresponding carboxylate salt. The dilute (approximately 3%) carboxylate salts are concentrated to 19% using an amine solvent that selectively extracts water. Drying is completed using multi-effect evaporators. Finally, the dry salts are thermally converted to ketones which subsequently are hydrogenated to alcohols. All the steps in the MixAlco process have been proven at the laboratory scale. A techno-economic model of the process indicates that with the tipping fees available in New York (126 dollars/dry tonne), mixed alcohol fuels may be sold for 0.04 dollars/L (0.16 dollars/gal) with a 60% return on investment (ROI). With the average tipping fee in the United States rates (63 dollars/dry tonne), mixed alcohol fuels may be sold for 0.18 dollars/L (0.69 dollars/gal) with a 15% ROI. In the case of sugarcane bagasse, which may be obtained for about 26 dollars/dry ton, mixed alcohol fuels may be sold for 0.29 dollars/L (1.09 dollars/gal) with a 15% ROI. More... »

PAGES

609-631

Journal

TITLE

Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

ISSUE

1-3

VOLUME

79

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1385/abab:79:1-3:609

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1385/abab:79:1-3:609

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027912767

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15304682


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