Strategies to enhance the enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated softwood with high residual lignin content View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2005-03

AUTHORS

Xuejun Pan, Dan Xie, Neil Gilkes, David J. Gregg, Jack N. Saddler

ABSTRACT

Pretreatment of Douglas-fir by steam explosion produces a substrate containing approx 43% lignin. Two strategies were investigated for reducing the effect of this residual lignin on enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose: mild alkali extraction and protein addition. Extraction with cold 1% NaOH reduced the lignin content by only approx 7%, but cellulose to glucose conversion was enhanced by about 30%. Before alkali extraction, addition of exogenous protein resulted in a significant improvement in cellulose hydrolysis, but this protein effect was substantially diminished after alkali treatment. Lignin appears to reduce cellulose hydrolysis by two distinct mechanisms: by forming a physical barrier that prevents enzyme access and by non-productively binding cellulolytic enzymes. Cold alkali appears to selectively remove a fraction of lignin from steam-exploded Douglas-fir with high affinity for protein. Corresponding data for mixed softwood pretreated by organosolv extraction indicates that the relative importance of the two mechanisms by which residual lignin affects hydrolysis is different according to the pre- and post-treatment method used. More... »

PAGES

1069

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1385/abab:124:1-3:1069

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1385/abab:124:1-3:1069

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048458426

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15930582


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