Dilute-sulfuric acid pretreatment of corn stover in pilot-scale reactor View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-03

AUTHORS

Daniel J. Schell, Jody Farmer, Millie Newman, James D. McMillan

ABSTRACT

Corn stover is a domestic feedstock that has potential to produce significant quantities of fuel ethanol and other bioenergy and biobased products. However, comprehensive yield and carbon mass balance information and validated kinetic models for dilute-sulfuric acid (H2SO4) pretreatment of corn stover have not been available. This has hindered the estimation of process economics and also limited the ability to perform technoeconomic modeling to guide research. To better characterize pretreatment and assess its kinetics, we pretreated corn stover in a continuous 1 t/d reactor. Corn stover was pretreated at 20% (w/w) solids concentration over a range of conditions encompassing residence times of 3-12 min, temperatures of 165- 195 degrees C, and H2SO4 concentrations of 0.5-1.4% (w/w). Xylan conversion yield and carbon mass balance data were collected at each run condition. Performance results were used to estimate kinetic model parameters assuming biphasic hemicellulose hydrolysis and a hydrolysis mechanism incorporating formation of intermediate xylo-oligomers. In addition, some of the pretreated solids were tested in a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process to measure the reactivity of their cellulose component to enzymatic digestion by cellulase enzymes. Monomeric xylose yields of 69-71% and total xylose yields (monomers and oligomers) of 70-77% were achieved with performance level depending on pretreatment severity. Cellulose conversion yields in SSF of 80-87% were obtained for some of the most digestible pretreated solids. More... »

PAGES

69-85

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1385/abab:105:1-3:69

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1385/abab:105:1-3:69

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025568632

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12721476


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